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Stevie Wonder - Wikipedia Stevie Wonder From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search American musician and record producer Stevie WonderWonder performing in August 1973BornStevland Hardaway Judkins (1950-05-13) May 13, 1950 (age 69)Saginaw, Michigan, U.S.Other namesLittle Stevie WonderOccupation Singer songwriter musician record producer multi-instrumentalist Years active1961–presentHome townDetroit, Michigan, U.S.Spouse(s)Syreeta Wright(m. 1970; div. 1972)Kai Millard(m. 2001; div. 2012)Tomeeka Bracy (m. 2017)Children9Musical careerGenres Soul pop R&B funk jazz Instruments Vocals keyboards harmonica drums harpejji Labels Tamla Motown Associated acts Elton John Michael Jackson Paul McCartney Edwin Birdsong Websitesteviewonder.net Stevland Hardaway Morris (né Judkins; born May 13, 1950), better known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, songwriter, musician and record producer. A prominent figure in popular music, he is one of the most successful musicians of the 20th century.[1] Blind since shortly after his birth, Wonder was a child prodigy known as Little Stevie Wonder leading him to sign with Motown's Tamla label at the age of 11.[1] In 1963, the single "Fingertips" was a No. 1 hit on the US Billboard Hot 100 when Wonder was aged 13, making him the youngest artist ever to top the chart.[2] Wonder started his "classic period" with Music of My Mind and Talking Book (both 1972), the latter of which featured the No. 1 hit "Superstition".[3] It is one of the most distinctive and famous examples of the sound of the Hohner Clavinet keyboard.[4] Innervisions (1973) won Album of the Year at the 16th Grammy Awards.[5] Fulfillingness' First Finale (1974) also won Album of the Year at the 17th Annual Grammy Awards. Songs in the Key of Life (1976) won Album of the Year at the 19th Annual Grammy Awards, making Wonder, along with Frank Sinatra, the most Album of the Year's winner with three. He is also the only artist to have won the award with three consecutive album releases. Wonder's 1970s albums are regarded as very influential; the Rolling Stone Record Guide said they "pioneered stylistic approaches that helped to determine the shape of pop music for the next decade".[3] Wonder's "classic period", between 1972 and 1977, is noted for his funky keyboard style, personal control of production, and series of songs integrated with one another to make a concept album.[6] Wonder has sold over 100 million records worldwide, which placed him among the best-selling music artists of all time.[7] He has won 25 Grammy Awards, making him one of the most awarded artists of all time. He was the first Motown artist and second African-American musician to win an Academy Award for Best Original Song, for the 1984 film The Woman in Red. Wonder was inducted into the Rock and Rock Hall of Fame and Songwriters Hall of Fame, and received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[8][9] Wonder is also noted for his work as an activist for political causes, including his 1980 campaign to make Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday a holiday in the United States.[10] In 2009, he was named a United Nations Messenger of Peace.[11] Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 1961–1969: Sixties singles 2.2 1970–1979: Seventies albums and classic period 2.3 1980–1990: Commercial period 2.4 1991–1999: Continued released new material, 1996 Summer Olympics 2.5 2000–present: Later career 3 Legacy 4 Personal life 4.1 Marriages 4.2 Children 4.3 Other 5 Awards and recognition 5.1 Grammy Awards 5.2 Other awards and recognition 5.3 Honorary degrees 6 Discography 7 See also 8 References 9 External links Early life Wonder was born Stevland Hardaway Judkins in Saginaw, Michigan, on May 13, 1950,[12] the third of six children born to Calvin Judkins and songwriter Lula Mae Hardaway. He was born six weeks premature which, along with the oxygen-rich atmosphere in the hospital incubator, resulted in retinopathy of prematurity, a condition in which the growth of the eyes is aborted and causes the retinas to detach, so he became blind.[13][14] When Wonder was four, his mother divorced his father and moved with her children to Detroit, Michigan, where Wonder sang as a child in a choir at the Whitestone Baptist Church.[15] She changed her name back to Lula Hardaway and later changed her son's surname to Morris, partly because of relatives. Wonder has retained Morris as his legal surname. He began playing instruments at an early age, including piano, harmonica, and drums. He formed a singing partnership with a friend; calling themselves Stevie and John, they played on street corners and occasionally at parties and dances.[16] As a child, Wonder attended Fitzgerald Elementary School. After his first album was released, he enrolled in Michigan School for the Blind.[17][18] Career 1961–1969: Sixties singles Wonder rehearsing for a performance on Dutch TV in 1967 In 1961, when aged 11, Wonder sang his own composition, "Lonely Boy", to Ronnie White of the Miracles;[19][20] White then took Wonder and his mother to an audition at Motown, where CEO Berry Gordy signed Wonder to Motown's Tamla label.[12] Before signing, producer Clarence Paul gave him the name Little Stevie Wonder.[13] Because of Wonder's age, the label drew up a rolling five-year contract in which royalties would be held in trust until Wonder was 21. He and his mother would be paid a weekly stipend to cover their expenses: Wonder received $2.50 (equivalent to $20.96 in 2018) per week, and a private tutor was provided for when Wonder was on tour.[20] Wonder was put in the care of producer and songwriter Clarence Paul, and for a year they worked together on two albums. Tribute to Uncle Ray was recorded first, when Wonder was still 11 years old. Mainly covers of Ray Charles's songs, the album included a Wonder and Paul composition, "Sunset". The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie was recorded next, an instrumental album consisting mainly of Paul's compositions, two of which, "Wondering" and "Session Number 112", were co-written with Wonder.[21] Feeling Wonder was now ready, a song, "Mother Thank You", was recorded for release as a single, but then pulled and replaced by the Berry Gordy song "I Call It Pretty Music, But the Old People Call It the Blues" as his début single;[22] released summer 1962,[23] it almost broke into the Billboard 100, spending one week of August at 101 before dropping out of sight.[24] Two follow-up singles, "Little Water Boy" and "Contract on Love", both had no success, and the two albums, released in reverse order of recording—The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie in September 1962 and Tribute to Uncle Ray in October 1962—also met with little success.[21][25] At the end of 1962, when Wonder was 12 years old, he joined the Motortown Revue, touring the "Chitlin' Circuit" of theatres across America that accepted black artists. At the Regal Theater, Chicago, his 20-minute performance was recorded and released in May 1963 as the album Recorded Live: The 12 Year Old Genius.[21] A single, "Fingertips", from the album was also released in May, and became a major hit.[26] The song, featuring a confident and enthusiastic Wonder returning for a spontaneous encore that catches out the replacement bass player, who is heard to call out "What key? What key?",[26][27] was a No. 1 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 when Wonder was aged 13, making him the youngest artist ever to top the chart.[28] The single was simultaneously No. 1 on the R&B chart, the first time that had occurred.[29] His next few recordings, however, were not successful; his voice was changing as he got older, and some Motown executives were considering cancelling his recording contract.[29] During 1964, Wonder appeared in two films as himself, Muscle Beach Party and Bikini Beach, but these were not successful either.[30] Sylvia Moy persuaded label owner Berry Gordy to give Wonder another chance.[29] Most of these songs hit the charts in a big way before Stevie turned twenty-one [in 1971]. Because he's grown up fast, the love lyrics are less teen-specific than a lot of early Smokey, say, but the music is pure puberty. Stevie's rockers are always one step ahead of themselves—their gawky groove is so disorienting it makes you pay attention, like a voice that's perpetually changing. The ballads conceive coming of age more conventionally, and less felicitously. But he sure covered Tony Bennett better than the Supremes or the Tempts could have, now didn't he? –Review of Stevie Wonder's Greatest Hits Vol. 2 in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981)[31] Dropping the "Little" from his name, Moy and Wonder worked together to create the hit "Uptight (Everything's Alright)",[29] and Wonder went on to have a number of other hits during the mid-1960s, including "With a Child's Heart", and "Blowin' in the Wind",[27] a Bob Dylan cover, co-sung by his mentor, producer Clarence Paul.[32] He also began to work in the Motown songwriting department, composing songs both for himself and his label mates, including "The Tears of a Clown", a No. 1 hit for Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (it was first released in 1967, mostly unnoticed as the last track of their Make It Happen LP, but eventually became a major success when re-released as a single in 1970, which prompted Robinson to reconsider his intention of leaving the group).[33] In 1968 he recorded an album of instrumental soul/jazz tracks, mostly harmonica solos, under the title Eivets Rednow, which is "Stevie Wonder" spelled backwards.[34] The album failed to get much attention, and its only single, a cover of "Alfie", only reached number 66 on the U.S. Pop charts and number 11 on the US Adult Contemporary charts. Nonetheless, he managed to score several hits between 1968 and 1970 such as "I Was Made to Love Her",[32] "For Once in My Life" and "Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours". A number of Wonder's early hits, including "My Cherie Amour", "I Was Made to Love Her", and "Uptight (Everything's Alright)", were co-written with Henry Cosby. The hit single "Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours" was his first ever self-produced song.[35] 1970–1979: Seventies albums and classic period In September 1970, at the age of 20, Wonder married Syreeta Wright, a songwriter and former Motown secretary. Wright and Wonder worked together on the next album, Where I'm Coming From (1971), Wonder writing the music, and Wright helping with the lyrics.[36] Around this time, Wonder became interested in utilizing synthesizers after hearing albums by electronic group Tonto's Expanding Head Band.[37] Wonder and Wright wanted to "touch on the social problems of the world", and for the lyrics "to mean something".[36] The album was released at around the same time as Marvin Gaye's What's Going On. As both albums had similar ambitions and themes, they have been compared; in a contemporaneous review by Vince Aletti in Rolling Stone, Gaye's was seen as successful, while Wonder's was seen as failing due to "self-indulgent and cluttered" production, "undistinguished" and "pretentious" lyrics, and an overall lack of unity and flow.[38] Also in 1970, Wonder co-wrote, and played numerous instruments on the hit "It's a Shame" for fellow Motown act the Spinners. His contribution was meant to be a showcase of his talent and thus a weapon in his ongoing negotiations with Gordy about creative autonomy.[39] Reaching his 21st birthday on May 13, 1971, he allowed his Motown contract to expire.[40] During this period, Wonder independently recorded two albums and signed a new contract with Motown Records. The 120-page contract was a precedent at Motown and gave Wonder a much higher royalty rate.[41] Wonder returned to Motown in March 1972 with Music of My Mind. Unlike most previous albums on Motown, which usually consisted of a collection of singles, B-sides and covers, Music of My Mind was a full-length artistic statement with songs flowing together thematically.[41] Wonder's lyrics dealt with social, political, and mystical themes as well as standard romantic ones, while musically he began exploring overdubbing and recording most of the instrumental parts himself.[41] Music of My Mind marked the beginning of a long collaboration with Tonto's Expanding Head Band (Robert Margouleff and Malcolm Cecil).[42][43] "Superstition" (reduced quality) from Talking Book by Stevie Wonder, Motown, October 27, 1972. Sample from Stevie Wonder Song Review: A Greatest Hits Collection, Motown, December 10, 1996 Problems playing this file? See media help. Released in late 1972, Talking Book featured the No. 1 hit "Superstition",[44] which is one of the most distinctive and famous examples of the sound of the Hohner Clavinet keyboard.[45] Talking Book also featured "You Are the Sunshine of My Life", which also peaked at No. 1. During the same time as the album's release, Wonder began touring with the Rolling Stones to alleviate the negative effects from pigeonholing as a result of being an R&B artist in America.[19] Wonder's touring with the Stones was also a factor behind the success of both "Superstition" and "You Are the Sunshine of My Life".[41][46] Between them, the two songs won three Grammy Awards.[5] On an episode of the children's television show Sesame Street that aired in April 1973,[47] Wonder and his band performed "Superstition", as well as an original called "Sesame Street Song", which demonstrated his abilities with television. Innervisions, released in 1973, featured "Higher Ground" (No. 4 on the pop charts) as well as the trenchant "Living for the City" (No. 8).[44] Both songs reached No. 1 on the R&B charts. Popular ballads such as "Golden Lady" and "All in Love Is Fair" were also present, in a mixture of moods that nevertheless held together as a unified whole.[48] Innervisions generated three more Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year.[5] The album is ranked No. 23 on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[49] Wonder had become the most influential and acclaimed black musician of the early 1970s.[41] On August 6, 1973, Wonder was in a serious automobile accident while on tour in North Carolina, when a car in which he was riding hit the back of a truck.[41][50] This left him in a coma for four days and resulted in a partial loss of his sense of smell and a temporary loss of sense of taste.[51] Despite the setback, Wonder re-appeared for a European tour in early 1974, performing at the Midem convention in Cannes, at the Rainbow Theatre in London, and on the German television show Musikladen.[52] On his return from Europe, he played a sold-out concert at Madison Square Garden in March 1974, highlighting both up-tempo material and long, building improvisations on mid-tempo songs such as "Living for the City".[41] The album Fulfillingness' First Finale appeared in July 1974 and set two hits high on the pop charts: the No. 1 "You Haven't Done Nothin'" and the Top Ten "Boogie on Reggae Woman". The Album of the Year was again one of three Grammys won.[5] The same year Wonder took part in a Los Angeles jam session that would become known as the bootleg album A Toot and a Snore in '74.[53][54] He also co-wrote and produced the Syreeta Wright album Stevie Wonder Presents: Syreeta.[55][56] On October 4, 1975, Wonder performed at the historic "Wonder Dream Concert" in Kingston, Jamaica, a benefit for the Jamaican Institute for the Blind.[57] In 1975, he played harmonica on two tracks on Billy Preston's album It's My Pleasure. By 1975, at the age of 25, Wonder had won two consecutive Grammy Awards: in 1974 for Innervisions and in 1975 for Fulfillingness' First Finale.[58] In 1976, when Paul Simon won the Album Of The Year Grammy for his Still Crazy After All These Years, he wryly noted, "I'd like to thank Stevie Wonder, who didn't make an album this year."[59][60] The double album-with-extra-EP Songs in the Key of Life was released in September 1976. Sprawling in style, unlimited in ambition, and sometimes lyrically difficult to fathom, the album was hard for some listeners to assimilate, yet is regarded by many as Wonder's crowning achievement and one of the most recognizable and accomplished albums in pop music history.[41][44][61] The album became the first by an American artist to debut straight at No. 1 in the Billboard charts, where it stood for 14 non-consecutive weeks.[62] Two tracks became No. 1 Pop/R&B hits: "I Wish" and "Sir Duke". The baby-celebratory "Isn't She Lovely?" was written about his newborn daughter Aisha, while songs such as "Love's in Need of Love Today" and "Village Ghetto Land" reflected a far more pensive mood. Songs in the Key of Life won Album of the Year and two other Grammys.[5] The album ranks 57th on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[49] Until 1979's Stevie Wonder's Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants" his only release was the retrospective three-disc album Looking Back, an anthology of his early Motown period. 1980–1990: Commercial period The 1980s saw Wonder achieving his biggest hits and highest level of fame; he had increased album sales, charity participation, high-profile collaborations, political impact, and television appearances. The 1979 mainly instrumental soundtrack album Stevie Wonder's Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants" was composed using an early music sampler, a Computer Music Melodian.[63] It was also his first digital recording, and one of the earliest popular albums to use the technology, which Wonder used for all subsequent recordings. Wonder toured briefly in support of the album, and used a Fairlight CMI sampler on stage.[64] In this year Wonder also wrote and produced the dance hit "Let's Get Serious", performed by Jermaine Jackson and (ranked by Billboard as the No. 1 R&B single of 1980). Hotter than July (1980) became Wonder's first platinum-selling single album, and its single "Happy Birthday" was a successful vehicle for his campaign to establish Dr. Martin Luther King's birthday as a national holiday. The album also included "Master Blaster (Jammin')", "I Ain't Gonna Stand for It", and the sentimental ballad, "Lately". In 1982, Wonder released a retrospective of his 1970s work with Stevie Wonder's Original Musiquarium, which included four new songs: the ten-minute funk classic "Do I Do" (which featured Dizzy Gillespie), "That Girl" (one of the year's biggest singles to chart on the R&B side), "Front Line", a narrative about a soldier in the Vietnam War that Wonder wrote and sang in the first person, and "Ribbon in the Sky", one of his many classic compositions. He also gained a No. 1 hit that year in collaboration with Paul McCartney in their paean to racial harmony, "Ebony and Ivory". In 1983, Wonder performed the song "Stay Gold", the theme to Francis Ford Coppola's film adaptation of S. E. Hinton's novel The Outsiders. Wonder wrote the lyrics. In 1983, he scheduled an album to be entitled People Work, Human Play. The album never surfaced and instead 1984 saw the release of Wonder's soundtrack album for The Woman in Red. The lead single, "I Just Called to Say I Love You", was a No. 1 pop and R&B hit in both the United States and the United Kingdom, where it was placed 13th in the list of best-selling singles in the UK published in 2002. (The single was also a hit in lots of other countries as well). It went on to win an Academy award for best song in 1985. Wonder accepted the award in the name of Nelson Mandela and was subsequently banned from all South African radio by the Government of South Africa.[65] Incidentally, on the occasion of his 35th birthday, Stevie Wonder was honored by the United Nations Special Committee Against Apartheid for his stance against racism in South Africa that same year (1985).[66] The album also featured a guest appearance by Dionne Warwick, singing the duet "It's You" with Stevie and a few songs of her own. Following the success of the album and its lead single, Wonder made an appearance on The Cosby Show, in the episode "A Touch of Wonder" where he demonstrated his ability to sample. The following year's In Square Circle featured the No. 1 pop hit "Part-Time Lover". The album also has a Top 10 Hit with "Go Home." It also featured the ballad "Overjoyed", which was originally written for Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants", but did not make the album. He performed "Overjoyed" on Saturday Night Live when he was the host. He was also featured in Chaka Khan's cover of Prince's "I Feel For You", alongside Melle Mel, playing his signature harmonica. In roughly the same period he was also featured on harmonica on Eurythmics' single, "There Must Be an Angel (Playing with My Heart)" and Elton John's "I Guess That's Why They Call It the Blues". Wonder was in a featured duet with Bruce Springsteen on the all-star charity single for African Famine Relief, "We Are the World", and he was part of another charity single the following year (1986), the AIDS-inspired "That's What Friends Are For". He played harmonica on the album Dreamland Express by John Denver in the song "If Ever", a song Wonder co-wrote with Stephanie Andrews; wrote the track "I Do Love You" for the Beach Boys' 1985 self-titled album; and played harmonica on "Can't Help Lovin' That Man" on The Broadway Album by Barbra Streisand. In 1987, Wonder appeared on Michael Jackson's Bad album, on the duet "Just Good Friends". Michael Jackson also sang a duet with him entitled "Get It" on Wonder's 1987 album Characters. This was a minor hit single, as were "Skeletons" and "You Will Know". 1991–1999: Continued released new material, 1996 Summer Olympics Wonder in 1990 After 1987's Characters album, Wonder continued to release new material, but at a slower pace. He recorded a soundtrack album for Spike Lee's film Jungle Fever in 1991. From this album, singles and videos were released for "Gotta Have You", "Fun Day" (remix only), "These Three Words" and "Jungle Fever" . The B-side to the "Gotta Have You" single was "Feeding Off The Love of the Land", which was played during the end credits of the movie Jungle Fever but was not included on the soundtrack. A piano and vocal version of "Feeding Off The Love of the Land" was also released on the Nobody's Child: Romanian Angel Appeal compilation. Conversation Peace and the live album Natural Wonder were released in the 1990s.[67] Among his other activities he played harmonica on one track for the 1994 tribute album Kiss My Ass: Classic Kiss Regrooved;[68] sang at the 1996 Summer Olympics closing ceremony;[69] collaborated in 1997 with Babyface on "How Come, How Long", a song about domestic violence that was nominated for a Grammy award;[70] and played harmonica on Sting's 1999 "Brand New Day".[71] In December 1999, Wonder announced that he was interested in pursuing an intraocular retinal prosthesis to partially restore his sight.[72] 2000–present: Later career Into the 21st century, Wonder contributed two new songs to the soundtrack for Spike Lee's Bamboozled album ("Misrepresented People" and "Some Years Ago").[73] Wonder continues to record and perform; though mainly occasional appearances and guest performances, he did do two tours, and released one album of new material, 2005's A Time to Love. In June 2006, Wonder made a guest appearance on Busta Rhymes' album The Big Bang, on the track "Been through the Storm". He sings the refrain and plays the piano on the Dr. Dre- and Sha Money XL–produced track. He appeared again on the last track of Snoop Dogg's album Tha Blue Carpet Treatment, "Conversations". The song is a remake of "Have a Talk with God" from Songs in the Key of Life. In 2006, Wonder staged a duet with Andrea Bocelli on the latter's album Amore, offering harmonica and additional vocals on "Canzoni Stonate". Wonder also performed at Washington, D.C.'s 2006 "A Capitol Fourth" celebration. His key appearances include performing at the opening ceremony of the 2002 Winter Paralympics in Salt Lake City,[74] the 2005 Live 8 concert in Philadelphia,[75] the pre-game show for Super Bowl XL in 2006, the Obama Inaugural Celebration in 2009, and the opening ceremony of the 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games in Athens, Greece.[76] Wonder in 2006 Wonder's first new album in ten years, A Time to Love, was released in October 2005 to lower sales than previous albums, and lukewarm reviews—most reviewers appearing frustrated at the end of the long delay to get an album that mainly copied the style of Wonder's "classic period" without doing anything new.[77] The first single, "So What the Fuss", was released in April. A second single, "From the Bottom of My Heart", was a hit on adult-contemporary R&B radio. The album also featured a duet with India Arie on the title track "A Time to Love". By June 2008, Wonder was working on two projects simultaneously: a new album called The Gospel Inspired By Lula, which will deal with the various spiritual and cultural crises facing the world, and Through The Eyes Of Wonder, an album he has described as a performance piece that will reflect his experience as a blind man. Wonder was also keeping the door open for a collaboration with Tony Bennett and Quincy Jones concerning a rumored jazz album.[78] If Wonder were to join forces with Bennett, it would not be for the first time; their rendition of "For Once in My Life" earned them a Grammy for best pop collaboration with vocals in 2006.[5] Wonder's harmonica playing can be heard on the 2009 Grammy-nominated "Never Give You Up", featuring CJ Hilton and Raphael Saadiq.[79] Barack Obama presenting Wonder with the Gershwin Prize in 2009 Wonder did a 13-date tour of North America in 2007, starting in San Diego on August 23; this was his first U.S. tour in more than 10 years.[80] On September 8, 2008, he started the European leg of his Wonder Summer's Night Tour, the first time he had toured Europe in over a decade. His opening show was at the National Indoor Arena in Birmingham in the English Midlands. During the tour, he played eight UK gigs; four at the O2 Arena in London (filmed in HD and subsequently released as a live in-concert release on DVD and Blu-Ray, Live At Last[81]), two in Birmingham and two at the M.E.N. Arena in Manchester. Wonder's other stops in the tour's European leg also found him performing in the Netherlands (Rotterdam), Sweden (Stockholm), Germany (Cologne, Mannheim and Munich), Norway (Hamar), France (Paris), Italy (Milan) and Denmark (Aalborg). Wonder also toured Australia (Perth, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane) and New Zealand (Christchurch, Auckland and New Plymouth) in October and November.[82] His 2010 tour included a two-hour set at the Bonnaroo Music Festival in Manchester, Tennessee, a stop at London's "Hard Rock Calling" in Hyde Park, and appearances at England's Glastonbury Festival, Rotterdam's North Sea Jazz Festival, and a concert in Bergen, Norway, and a concert in Dublin, Ireland, at the O2 Arena on June 24.[82] He sang at the Michael Jackson memorial service in 2009,[83] at Etta James' funeral, in 2012,[84] and a month later at Whitney Houston's memorial service.[85] Wonder appeared on singer Celine Dion's studio album Loved Me Back to Life performing a cover of his 1985 song "Overjoyed".[86] The album was released in October 2013. He was also featured on two tracks on Mark Ronson's album Uptown Special. In 2013, Wonder revealed that he had been recording new material for two albums, When the World Began and Ten Billion Hearts, in collaboration with producer David Foster, to be released in 2014.[87] The albums have not been released yet. Legacy Wonder street art in Amsterdam, Netherlands A prominent figure in popular music during the latter half of the 20th century, Wonder has recorded more than 30 U.S. top ten hits and won 25 Grammy Awards[5] (the most ever won by a solo artist) as well as a Lifetime Achievement Award. He has also won an Academy Award for Best Song,[88] and been inducted into both the Rock and Roll[8] and Songwriters[89] halls of fame. He has also been awarded the Polar Music Prize.[90] American music magazine Rolling Stone named him the ninth greatest singer of all time.[91][92] In June 2009 he became the fourth artist to receive the Montreal Jazz Festival Spirit Award.[93] He has had ten U.S. number-one hits on the pop charts as well as 20 R&B number one hits, and has sold over 100 million records, 19.5 million of which are albums;[94] he is one of the top 60 best-selling music artists with combined sales of singles and albums.[95] Wonder has recorded several critically acclaimed albums and hit singles, and writes and produces songs for many of his label mates and outside artists as well. Wonder plays the piano, synthesizer, harmonica, congas, drums, bongos, organ, melodica and Clavinet. In his childhood, he was best known for his harmonica work, but today he is better known for his keyboard skills and vocal ability. Wonder was the first Motown artist and second African-American musician to win an Academy Award for Best Original Song, which he won for his 1984 hit single "I Just Called to Say I Love You" from the movie The Woman in Red. Wonder receiving a standing ovation in the East Room of the White House in 2011 Wonder's "classic period" is generally agreed to be between 1972 and 1977.[96][97][6] Some observers see in 1971's Where I'm Coming From certain indications of the beginning of the classic period, such as its new funky keyboard style which Wonder used throughout the classic period.[6] Some determine Wonder's first "classic" album to be 1972's Music of My Mind, on which he attained personal control of production, and on which he programmed a series of songs integrated with one another to make a concept album.[6] Others skip over early 1972 and determine the beginning of the classic period to be Talking Book in late 1972,[98] the album in which Wonder "hit his stride".[6] His classic 1970s albums were considered very influential in the music world: the 1983 Rolling Stone Record Guide said they "pioneered stylistic approaches that helped to determine the shape of pop music for the next decade";[44] Rolling Stone's 2003 list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time included four of the five albums, with three in the top 90;[49] and in 2005, Kanye West said of his own work, "I'm not trying to compete with what's out there now. I'm really trying to compete with Innervisions and Songs in the Key of Life. It sounds musically blasphemous to say something like that, but why not set that as your bar?"[99] Personal life Marriages Wonder has been married three times. He was married to Motown singer-songwriter and frequent collaborator Syreeta Wright from 1970 until their amicable divorce in 1972. From 2001 until 2012 he was married to fashion designer Kai Millard.[100] In October 2009, Wonder and Millard separated; Wonder filed for divorce in August 2012.[101] In 2017 he married Tomeeka Bracy.[102] Children Wonder has nine children by five different women.[103] The mother of Wonder's first child is Yolanda Simmons, whom Wonder met when she applied for a job as secretary for his publishing company.[104] Simmons gave birth to Wonder's daughter Aisha Morris on February 2, 1975.[105][106] After Aisha was born, Wonder said "she was the one thing that I needed in my life and in my music for a long time".[104] Aisha was the inspiration for Wonder's hit single "Isn't She Lovely?" She is now a singer who has toured with her father and accompanied him on recordings, including his 2005 album A Time to Love. Wonder and Simmons also had a son, Keita, in 1977.[107] In 1983, Wonder had a son named Mumtaz Morris with Melody McCulley.[108] He also has a daughter, Sophia, and a son, Kwame, with a woman whose identity has not been publicly disclosed.[107] Wonder has two sons with second wife Kai Millard Morris; the elder is named Kailand and he occasionally performs as a drummer on stage with his father. The younger son, Mandla Kadjay Carl Stevland Morris, was born on May 13, 2005, his father's 55th birthday.[100] Wonder's ninth child, his second with Tomeeka Robyn Bracy, was born in December 2014, amid rumors that he would be the father to triplets.[109] This turned out not to be the case, and the couple's new daughter was given the name Nia,[110] meaning "purpose"–one of the seven principles of Kwanzaa.[109] The name of Wonder's first child with Bracy is unknown. Other In May 2006, Wonder's mother Lula Mae Hardaway died in Los Angeles at the age of 76. During his September 8, 2008, UK concert in Birmingham, he spoke of his decision to begin touring again following his loss: "I want to take all the pain that I feel and celebrate and turn it around."[111] Wonder was introduced to Transcendental Meditation through his marriage to Syreeta Wright.[112] Consistent with that spiritual vision, Wonder became vegetarian, and later a vegan, singing about it in October 2015 on The Late Late Show with James Corden during the show's "Carpool Karaoke" segment.[113][114][115] Wonder joined Twitter on April 4, 2018, and his first tweet was a five-minute video honoring Martin Luther King, Jr. Dozens of famous personalities were rounded up in the video, which was titled "The Dream Still Lives". Each person involved shared their dream, calling back to King's popular speech in 1963. Wonder's very first tweet took the Internet by storm, and he also encouraged viewers to share their own videos about their dreams with the hashtag #DreamStillLives.[116] Wonder has been a longtime Baptist affiliated with black churches.[117][118][119] On August 31, 2018, Wonder performed at the funeral of Aretha Franklin at Detroit's Greater Grace Temple. He closed the ceremony with a rendition of the Lord's Prayer and his song "As".[120] At a concert in London's Hyde Park on July 6, 2019, Wonder announced that he would be undergoing a kidney transplant in September.[121] Awards and recognition Grammy Awards Wonder has won 25 Grammy Awards,[5] as well as a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1996.[122] He is one of only two artists and groups who have won the Grammy for Album of the Year three times as the main credited artist, along with Frank Sinatra. Wonder is the only artist to have won the award with three consecutive album releases. Grammy Awards Year Award Title 1973 Best Rhythm & Blues Song "Superstition" 1973 Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male "Superstition" 1973 Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male "You are the Sunshine of My Life" 1973 Album of the Year Innervisions 1974 Best Rhythm & Blues Song "Living for the City" 1974 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "Boogie on Reggae Woman" 1974 Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Fulfillingness' First Finale 1974 Album of the Year Fulfillingness' First Finale 1976 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "I Wish" 1976 Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Songs in the Key of Life[123] 1976 Best Producer of the Year* N/A 1976 Album of the Year Songs in the Key of Life 1985 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance In Square Circle 1986 Best Pop Performance by a Duo Or Group With Vocal(awarded to Dionne Warwick, Elton John, Gladys Knight, and Wonder) "That's What Friends Are For" 1995 Best Rhythm & Blues Song "For Your Love" 1995 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "For Your Love" 1998 Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s)(awarded to Herbie Hancock, Robert Sadin, and Wonder) "St. Louis Blues" 1998 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "St. Louis Blues" 2002 Best R&B Performance by a Duo Or Group With Vocals(awarded to Wonder and Take 6) "Love's in Need of Love Today" 2005 Best Male Pop Vocal Performance "From the Bottom of My Heart" 2005 Best R&B Performance by a Duo Or Group With Vocals(awarded to Beyoncé and Wonder) "So Amazing" 2006 Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals (awarded to Tony Bennett and Wonder) "For Once in My Life" From 1965 to 1980 a self-produced artist received one Grammy Award as an artist and an additional one as a producer in the Record of the Year and Album of the Year categories Year Nominee / work Award Result 1967 "Uptight" Best Rhythm & Blues Recording Nominated Best Rhythm & Blues Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female Nominated 1969 "For Once in My Life" Best Rhythm & Blues Vocal Performance, Male Nominated 1971 "Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours" Best Rhythm & Blues Song Nominated Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated 1972 "We Can Work It Out" Nominated 1974 "Superstition" Won Best Rhythm & Blues Song Won "You Are the Sunshine of My Life" Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Won Record of the Year Nominated Song of the Year Nominated Innervisions Album of the Year Won 1975 Fulfillingness' First Finale Won Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Won "Boogie On Reggae Woman" Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Won "Living for the City" Best Rhythm & Blues Song Won "Tell Me Something Good" Nominated Stevie Wonder Best Producer of the Year Nominated 1977 Won "Contusion" Best Pop Instrumental Performance Nominated Best Instrumental Composition Nominated "Have A Talk With God" Best Inspirational Performance Nominated Songs in the Key of Life Album of the Year Won Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Won "I Wish" Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Won 1981 "Master Blaster (Jammin')" Nominated Stevie Wonder's Journey Through The Secret Life Of Plants Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a Television Special Nominated Stevie Wonder Producer of the Year (Non-Classical) Nominated "Let's Get Serious" Best Rhythm & Blues Song Nominated 1983 "That Girl" Nominated "Do I Do" Nominated Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s) Nominated "Ebony and Ivory" Record of the Year Nominated Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated "What's That You're Doing" Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated 1985 "I Just Called to Say I Love You" Song of the Year Nominated Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Nominated "I Just Called To Say I Love You (Instrumental)" Best Pop Instrumental Performance Nominated The Woman In Red Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated 1986 In Square Circle Won "Part-Time Lover" Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Nominated 1987 "That's What Friends Are For" Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Won Record of the Year Nominated 1988 "Skeletons" Best Rhythm & Blues Song Nominated Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated 1989 Characters Nominated 1992 "Gotta Have You" Nominated Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or for Television Nominated "Jungle Fever" Nominated 1996 "For Your Love" Best Male R&B Vocal Performance Won Best Rhythm & Blues Song Won 1997 "Kiss Lonely Goodbye (Harmonica with Orchestra)" Best Pop Instrumental Performance Nominated 1998 "How Come, How Long" Best Short Form Music Video Nominated Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals Nominated 1999 "How Come, How Long" (Live) Nominated "St. Louis Blues" Best Male R&B Vocal Performance Won Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s) Won 2003 "Love's In Need Of Love Today" Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Won "Christmas Song" Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals Nominated 2005 "Moon River" Nominated 2006 "A Time To Love" Nominated A Time To Love Best R&B Album Nominated "So What the Fuss" Best Male R&B Vocal Performance Nominated "How Will I Know" Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals Nominated "So Amazing" Won "From The Bottom Of My Heart" Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Won 2007 "For Once in My Life" Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals Won 2009 "Never Give You Up" Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals Nominated 2010 "All About the Love Again" Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Nominated Other awards and recognition Wonder has been given a range of awards for his music, and for his civil rights work, including induction into the Songwriters and the Rock and Roll halls of fame; gaining a Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Civil Rights Museum, being named one of the United Nations Messengers of Peace, and earning a Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama in 2014. In December 2016, the City of Detroit recognized Wonder's legacy by renaming a portion of his childhood street, Milwaukee Avenue West, between Woodward Avenue and Brush Street, as "Stevie Wonder Avenue". He was also awarded an honorary key to the city, presented by Mayor Mike Duggan.[124] Awards and recognition Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame 1983: inducted to the Songwriters Hall of Fame.[89] 1984: received an Academy Award for Best Song for "I Just Called to Say I Love You" from the movie The Woman in Red.[88] 1989: inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[8] 1999: received the Polar Music Prize[90] and Kennedy Center Honors.[125] 2002: received the George and Ira Gershwin Lifetime Achievement Award at UCLA's Spring Sing.[126] The same year, Wonder received the Sammy Cahn Lifetime Achievement Award from the Songwriters Hall of Fame.[127] 2004: received the Billboard Century Award.[128] Also in 2004, Rolling Stone ranked him No. 15 on their list of the 100 Greatest Rock and Roll Artists of All Time.[129] 2006: was inducted, as one of the first inductees, into the Michigan Walk of Fame.[130] The same year, Wonder received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Civil Rights Museum in Memphis.[131] 2008: Ranked at number five on "The Billboard Hot 100 Top All-Time Artists", making him as the third most successful male artist in the history of Billboard Hot 100 chart.[132] February 23, 2009: Recipient of the Library of Congress's second Gershwin Prize For Popular Song, honored by US President Barack Obama at the White House.[133][134] 2009: Recipient of the Montreal Jazz Festival Spirit Award.[93] This special award underlines a popular artist's extraordinary contribution to the musical world. The Montreal Jazz Festival Spirit Award is in bronze. 2009: Named a Messenger of Peace by the United Nations.[11] March 6, 2010: Wonder was appointed a Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters by French Culture Minister Frédéric Mitterrand. Wonder had been due to be invested with this honor in 1981, but scheduling problems prevented this from happening. A lifetime achievement award was also given to Wonder on the same day, at France's biggest music awards.[135] June 2011: the Apollo Theater inducted Wonder into the Apollo Legends Hall of Fame.[136][137] 2013: received the Music Makes One Global Ambassador Award from the outstanding music award ceremony of Asia and the World, Mnet Asian Music Awards.[138] 2014: Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom.[139] Honorary degrees Stevie Wonder has received many honorary degrees in recognition of his music career. These include: State Date School Degree  Alabama June 2, 1996 University of Alabama at Birmingham Doctor of Music (D.Mus.)[140]  Connecticut May 22, 2017 Yale University Doctor of Music (D.Mus.)[141] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Discography Main article: Stevie Wonder discography The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie (1962) Tribute to Uncle Ray (1962) With a Song in My Heart (1963) Stevie at the Beach (1964) Up-Tight (1966) Down to Earth (1966) I Was Made to Love Her (1967) Someday at Christmas (1967) Eivets Rednow (1968) For Once in My Life (1968) My Cherie Amour (1969) Signed, Sealed & Delivered (1970) Where I'm Coming From (1971) Music of My Mind (1972) Talking Book (1972) Innervisions (1973) Fulfillingness' First Finale (1974) Songs in the Key of Life (1976) Stevie Wonder's Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants" (1979) Hotter than July (1980) The Woman in Red (1984) In Square Circle (1985) Characters (1987) Jungle Fever (1991) Conversation Peace (1995) A Time to Love (2005) See also United States portal Book: Stevie Wonder Harry Mendell, who collaborated musically with Stevie Wonder on two albums List of Billboard Hot 100 chart achievements and milestones List of artists who reached number one on the Hot 100 (U.S.) References ^ a b Perone, James E. 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Retrieved October 12, 2008. ^ "Stevie Wonder Gets Lifetime Achievement Award". Soulshine. October 20, 2006. Retrieved October 21, 2008. ^ "Billboard Hot 100 Chart 50th Anniversary". Billboard. Retrieved October 1, 2009. ^ "Wonder receives award". BBC News. February 26, 2009. Retrieved February 27, 2009. ^ du Lac, J. Freedom (September 3, 2008). "Stevie Wonder to Receive Gershwin Prize for Song". Washington Post. Retrieved December 13, 2008. ^ "Stevie Wonder receives top French honour". BBC News. March 7, 2010. Retrieved March 7, 2010. ^ Allen, Floyd. "Stevie Wonder joins list of Apollo Legends Hall of Fame recipients". International Business Times AU. Retrieved February 4, 2011. ^ Feeney, Michael J. (June 17, 2011). "Stevie Wonder inducted into Apollo Theater hall of fame with star-studded celebration in Harlem". Daily News. Retrieved July 22, 2015. ^ "2013 M.net Korean Music Festival Winners list". MAMA. Retrieved December 14, 2014. ^ "President Obama Announces the Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". The White House. November 10, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2014. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 13, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) ^ Megan, Kathleen. "Yale Honors Stevie Wonder, John Kerry, John Lewis At Commencement". External links Wikiquote has quotations related to: Stevie Wonder Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stevie Wonder. Official website Stevie Wonder at the Encyclopædia Britannica Stevie Wonder discography at Discogs Stevie Wonder on IMDb "Stevie Wonder collected news and commentary". The New York Times. Appearances on C-SPAN Stevie Wonder Interview NAMM Oral History Library (2016) vteStevie WonderDiscographyStudio albums The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie Tribute to Uncle Ray With a Song in My Heart Stevie at the Beach Up-Tight Down to Earth I Was Made to Love Her Someday at Christmas Eivets Rednow For Once in My Life My Cherie Amour Signed, Sealed & Delivered Where I'm Coming From Music of My Mind Talking Book Innervisions Fulfillingness' First Finale Songs in the Key of Life Hotter than July In Square Circle Characters Conversation Peace A Time to Love Live albums Recorded Live: The 12 Year Old Genius Stevie Wonder Live Live at the Talk of the Town Natural Wonder Soundtracks Stevie Wonder's Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants" The Woman in Red Jungle Fever Compilations Looking Back Stevie Wonder's Original Musiquarium I Song Review: A Greatest Hits Collection At the Close of a Century The Definitive Collection 20th Century Masters – The Millennium Collection: The Best of Stevie Wonder The Complete Stevie Wonder Singles "Fingertips" "Hey Harmonica Man" "Uptight (Everything's Alright)" "With a Child's Heart" "Blowin' in the Wind" "A Place in the Sun" "Hey Love" "I Was Made to Love Her" "I'm Wondering" "Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day" "Alfie" "For Once in My Life" "I Don't Know Why" "My Cherie Amour" "Yester-Me, Yester-You, Yesterday" "Never Had a Dream Come True" "Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours" "Heaven Help Us All" "We Can Work It Out" "Never Dreamed You'd Leave in Summer" "If You Really Love Me" "What Christmas Means to Me" "Superwoman (Where Were You When I Needed You)" "Superstition" "You Are the Sunshine of My Life" "Higher Ground" "Living for the City" "Don't You Worry 'bout a Thing" "He's Misstra Know-It-All" "You Haven't Done Nothin'" "Boogie On Reggae Woman" "I Wish" "Sir Duke" "Another Star" "As" "Pops, We Love You (A Tribute to Father)" "Send One Your Love" "Master Blaster (Jammin')" "I Ain't Gonna Stand for It" "Lately" "Happy Birthday" "That Girl" "Ebony and Ivory" "Do I Do" "Ribbon in the Sky" "Front Line" "I Just Called to Say I Love You" "Love Light in Flight" "Part-Time Lover" "That's What Friends Are For" "Go Home" "Overjoyed" "Skeletons" "You Will Know" "Get It" "Gotta Have You" "We Didn't Know" "For Your Love" "So What the Fuss" "From the Bottom of My Heart" "All About the Love Again" "Faith" Featured singles "My Love" "How Come, How Long" "California Roll" Other songs "You and I (We Can Conquer the World)" "I Believe (When I Fall in Love It Will Be Forever)" "Golden Lady "All in Love Is Fair" "They Won't Go When I Go" "Knocks Me Off My Feet" "Pastime Paradise" "Isn't She Lovely" "Black Man" "We Are the World" "Just Good Friends" "Seasons of Love" Related articles Lula Mae Hardaway Syreeta Wright KJLH Wonderin' "Wonder-ful" Book Category Awards for Stevie Wonder vteAcademy Award for Best Original Song1934–1940 "The Continental" Music: Con Conrad Lyrics: Herb Magidson (1934) "Lullaby of Broadway" Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Al Dubin (1935) "The Way You Look Tonight" Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Dorothy Fields (1936) "Sweet Leilani" Music and lyrics: Harry Owens (1937) "Thanks for the Memory" Music: Ralph Rainger Lyrics: Leo Robin (1938) "Over the Rainbow" Music: Harold Arlen Lyrics: E. Y. Harburg (1939) "When You Wish Upon a Star" Music: Leigh Harline Lyrics: Ned Washington (1940) 1941–1950 "The Last Time I Saw Paris" Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II (1941) "White Christmas" Music and lyrics: Irving Berlin (1942) "You'll Never Know" Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Mack Gordon (1943) "Swinging on a Star" Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Johnny Burke (1944) "It Might as Well Be Spring" Music: Richard Rodgers Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II (1945) "On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe" Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1946) "Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah" Music: Allie Wrubel Lyrics: Ray Gilbert (1947) "Buttons and Bows" Music: Jay Livingston Lyrics: Ray Evans (1948) "Baby, It's Cold Outside" Music and lyrics: Frank Loesser (1949) "Mona Lisa" Music and lyrics: Ray Evans and Jay Livingston (1950) 1951–1960 "In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening" Music: Hoagy Carmichael Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1951) "High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin')" Music: Dimitri Tiomkin Lyrics: Ned Washington (1952) "Secret Love" Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1953) "Three Coins in the Fountain" Music: Jule Styne Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1954) "Love Is a Many Splendored Thing" Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1955) "Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)" Music and lyrics: Jay Livingston and Ray Evans (1956) "All the Way" Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1957) "Gigi" Music: Frederick Loewe Lyrics: Alan Jay Lerner (1958) "High Hopes" Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1959) "Never on Sunday" Music and lyrics: Manos Hatzidakis (1960) 1961–1970 "Moon River" Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1961) "Days of Wine and Roses" Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1962) "Call Me Irresponsible" Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1963) "Chim Chim Cher-ee" Music and lyrics: Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman (1964) "The Shadow of Your Smile" Music: Johnny Mandel Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1965) "Born Free" Music: John Barry Lyrics: Don Black (1966) "Talk to the Animals" Music and lyrics: Leslie Bricusse (1967) "The Windmills of Your Mind" Music: Michel Legrand Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1968) "Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head" Music: Burt Bacharach Lyrics: Hal David (1969) "For All We Know" Music: Fred Karlin Lyrics: Robb Royer and Jimmy Griffin (1970) 1971–1980 "Theme from Shaft" Music and lyrics: Isaac Hayes (1971) "The Morning After" Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1972) "The Way We Were" Music: Marvin Hamlisch Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1973) "We May Never Love Like This Again" Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1974) "I'm Easy" Music and lyrics: Keith Carradine (1975) "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)" Music: Barbra Streisand Lyrics: Paul Williams (1976) "You Light Up My Life" Music and lyrics: Joseph Brooks (1977) "Last Dance" Music and lyrics: Paul Jabara (1978) "It Goes Like It Goes" Music: David Shire Lyrics: Norman Gimbel (1979) "Fame" Music: Michael Gore Lyrics: Dean Pitchford (1980) 1981–1990 "Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)" Music and lyrics: Burt Bacharach, Carole Bayer Sager, Christopher Cross and Peter Allen (1981) "Up Where We Belong" Music: Jack Nitzsche and Buffy Sainte-Marie Lyrics: Will Jennings (1982) "Flashdance... What a Feeling" Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Keith Forsey and Irene Cara (1983) "I Just Called to Say I Love You" Music and lyrics: Stevie Wonder (1984) "Say You, Say Me" Music and lyrics: Lionel Richie (1985) "Take My Breath Away" Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Tom Whitlock (1986) "(I've Had) The Time of My Life" Music: Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz Lyrics: Franke Previte (1987) "Let the River Run" Music and lyrics: Carly Simon (1988) "Under the Sea" Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1989) "Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man)" Music and lyrics: Stephen Sondheim (1990) 1991–2000 "Beauty and the Beast" Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1991) "A Whole New World" Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Tim Rice (1992) "Streets of Philadelphia" Music and lyrics: Bruce Springsteen (1993) "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" Music: Elton John Lyrics: Tim Rice (1994) "Colors of the Wind" Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1995) "You Must Love Me" Music: Andrew Lloyd Webber Lyrics: Tim Rice (1996) "My Heart Will Go On" Music: James Horner Lyrics: Will Jennings (1997) "When You Believe" Music and lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1998) "You'll Be in My Heart" Music and lyrics: Phil Collins (1999) "Things Have Changed" Music and lyrics: Bob Dylan (2000) 2001–2010 "If I Didn't Have You" Music and lyrics: Randy Newman (2001) "Lose Yourself" Music: Eminem, Jeff Bass and Luis Resto Lyrics: Eminem (2002) "Into the West" Music and lyrics: Fran Walsh, Howard Shore and Annie Lennox (2003) "Al otro lado del río" Music and lyrics: Jorge Drexler (2004) "It's Hard out Here for a Pimp" Music and lyrics: Juicy J, Frayser Boy and DJ Paul (2005) "I Need to Wake Up" Music and lyrics: Melissa Etheridge (2006) "Falling Slowly" Music and lyrics: Glen Hansard and Markéta Irglová (2007) "Jai Ho" Music: A. R. Rahman Lyrics: Gulzar (2008) "The Weary Kind" Music and lyrics: Ryan Bingham and T Bone Burnett (2009) "We Belong Together" Music and lyrics: Randy Newman (2010) 2011–present "Man or Muppet" Music and lyrics: Bret McKenzie (2011) "Skyfall" Music and lyrics: Adele Adkins and Paul Epworth (2012) "Let It Go" Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez (2013) "Glory" Music and lyrics: John Stephens and Lonnie Lynn (2014) "Writing's on the Wall" Music and lyrics: James Napier and Sam Smith (2015) "City of Stars" Music: Justin Hurwitz Lyrics: Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016) "Remember Me" Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez (2017) "Shallow" Music and lyrics: Lady Gaga, Mark Ronson, Anthony Rossomando and Andrew Wyatt (2018) vteGolden Globe Award for Best Original Song1960s "Town Without Pity" Lyrics by Ned Washington, Music by Dimitri Tiomkin (1961) "Circus World" Lyrics by Ned Washington, Music by Dimitri Tiomkin (1964) "Forget Domani" Lyrics by Norman Newell, Music by Riz Ortolani (1965) "Strangers in the Night" Lyrics by Charles Singleton & Eddie Snyder, Music by Bert Kaempfert (1966) "If Ever I Would Leave You" Lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner, Music by Frederick Loewe (1967) "The Windmills of Your Mind" Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Music by Michel Legrand (1968) "Jean" Music & Lyrics by Rod McKuen (1969) 1970s "Whistling Away the Dark" Lyrics by Johnny Mercer, Music by Henry Mancini (1970) "Life Is What You Make It" Lyrics by Johnny Mercer, Music by Marvin Hamlisch (1971) "Ben" Lyrics by Don Black, Music by Walter Scharf (1972) "The Way We Were" Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Music by Marvin Hamlisch (1973) "I Feel Love" Lyrics by Betty Box, Music by Euel Box (1974) "I'm Easy" Music & Lyrics by Keith Carradine (1975) "Evergreen" Lyrics by Paul Williams, Music by Barbra Streisand (1976) "You Light Up My Life" Music & Lyrics by Joseph Brooks (1977) "Last Dance" Music & Lyrics by Paul Jabara (1978) "The Rose" Music & Lyrics by Amanda McBroom (1979) 1980s "Fame" Lyrics by Dean Pitchford, Music by Michael Gore (1980) "Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)" Music & Lyrics by Peter Allen, Burt Bacharach, Christopher Cross, & Carole Bayer Sager (1981) "Up Where We Belong" Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings, Music by Jack Nitzsche & Buffy Sainte-Marie (1982) "Flashdance... What a Feeling" Lyrics by Irene Cara & Keith Forsey, Music by Giorgio Moroder (1983) "I Just Called to Say I Love You" Music & Lyrics by Stevie Wonder (1984) "Say You, Say Me" Music & Lyrics by Lionel Richie (1985) "Take My Breath Away" Lyrics by Tom Whitlock, Music by Giorgio Moroder (1986) "(I've Had) The Time of My Life" Lyrics by Franke Previte, Music by John DeNicola & Donald Markowitz (1987) "Let the River Run" Music & Lyrics by Carly Simon/"Two Hearts" Lyrics by Phil Collins, Music by Lamont Dozier (1988) "Under the Sea" Lyrics by Howard Ashman, Music by Alan Menken (1989) 1990s "Blaze of Glory" Music & Lyrics by Jon Bon Jovi (1990) "Beauty and the Beast" Lyrics by Howard Ashman, Music by Alan Menken (1991) "A Whole New World" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Alan Menken (1992) "Streets of Philadelphia" Music & Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (1993) "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Elton John (1994) "Colors of the Wind" Lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, Music by Alan Menken (1995) "You Must Love Me" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber (1996) "My Heart Will Go On" Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings, Music by James Horner (1997) "The Prayer" Music & Lyrics by David Foster, Tony Renis, Carole Bayer Sager & Alberto Testa (1998) "You'll Be in My Heart" Music & Lyrics by Phil Collins (1999) 2000s "Things Have Changed" Music & Lyrics by Bob Dylan (2000) "Until..." Music & Lyrics by Sting (2001) "The Hands That Built America" Music & Lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge & Larry Mullen Jr. (2002) "Into the West" Music & Lyrics by Annie Lennox, Howard Shore & Frances Walsh (2003) "Old Habits Die Hard" Music & Lyrics by Mick Jagger & David A. Stewart (2004) "A Love That Will Never Grow Old" Lyrics by Bernie Taupin, Music by Gustavo Santaolalla (2005) "The Song of the Heart" Music & Lyrics by Prince Rogers Nelson (2006) "Guaranteed" Music & Lyrics by Eddie Vedder (2007) "The Wrestler" Music & Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (2008) "The Weary Kind" Music & Lyrics by Ryan Bingham & T Bone Burnett (2009) 2010s "You Haven't Seen the Last of Me" Music & Lyrics by Diane Warren (2010) "Masterpiece" Music & Lyrics by Madonna, Julie Frost & Jimmy Harry (2011) "Skyfall" Music & Lyrics by Adele Adkins & Paul Epworth (2012) "Ordinary Love" Music & Lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr. & Danger Mouse (2013) "Glory" Music & Lyrics by Common & John Legend (2014) "Writing's on the Wall" Music & Lyrics by Sam Smith & Jimmy Napes (2015) "City of Stars" Lyrics by Benj Pasek & Justin Paul, Music by Justin Hurwitz (2016) "This Is Me" Music & Lyrics by Benj Pasek & Justin Paul (2017) "Shallow" Music & Lyrics by Lady Gaga, Mark Ronson, Anthony Rossomando & Andrew Wyatt (2018) Complete List (1960s) (1970s) (1980s) (1990s) (2000s) (2010s) vteGrammy Award for Album of the Year1959–1979 The Music from Peter Gunn – Henry Mancini (1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra (1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart – Bob Newhart (1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall – Judy Garland (1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader (1963) The Barbra Streisand Album – Barbra Streisand (1964) Getz/Gilberto – Stan Getz & João Gilberto (1965) September of My Years – Frank Sinatra (1966) A Man and His Music – Frank Sinatra (1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band – The Beatles (1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell (1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water – Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King (1972) The Concert for Bangladesh – George Harrison & Friends (1973) Innervisions – Stevie Wonder (1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale – Stevie Wonder (1975) Still Crazy After All These Years – Paul Simon (1976) Songs in the Key of Life – Stevie Wonder (1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac (1978) Saturday Night Fever – Various Artists (1979) 1980–2000 52nd Street – Billy Joel (1980) Christopher Cross – Christopher Cross (1981) Double Fantasy – John Lennon & Yoko Ono (1982) Toto IV – Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson (1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie (1985) No Jacket Required – Phil Collins (1986) Graceland – Paul Simon (1987) The Joshua Tree – U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael (1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt (1990) Back on the Block – Quincy Jones and Various Artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love – Natalie Cole (1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton (1993) The Bodyguard – Whitney Houston (1994) MTV Unplugged – Tony Bennett (1995) Jagged Little Pill – Alanis Morissette (1996) Falling into You – Celine Dion (1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan (1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill – Lauryn Hill (1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000) 2001–present Two Against Nature – Steely Dan (2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? – Various Artists (2002) Come Away with Me – Norah Jones (2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below – Outkast (2004) Genius Loves Company – Ray Charles & Various Artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb – U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way – Dixie Chicks (2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock (2008) Raising Sand – Robert Plant & Alison Krauss (2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift (2010) The Suburbs – Arcade Fire (2011) 21 – Adele (2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories – Daft Punk (2014) Morning Phase – Beck (2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift (2016) 25 – Adele (2017) 24K Magic – Bruno Mars (2018) Golden Hour – Kacey Musgraves (2019) vteGrammy Lifetime Achievement Award1960s 1963 Bing Crosby 1965 Frank Sinatra 1966 Duke Ellington 1967 Ella Fitzgerald 1968 Irving Berlin 1970s 1971 Elvis Presley 1972 Louis Armstrong Mahalia Jackson 1980s 1984 Chuck Berry Charlie Parker 1985 Leonard Bernstein 1986 Benny Goodman The Rolling Stones Andrés Segovia 1987 Roy Acuff Benny Carter Enrico Caruso Ray Charles Fats Domino Woody Herman Billie Holiday B.B. King Isaac Stern Igor Stravinsky Arturo Toscanini Hank Williams 1989 Fred Astaire Pablo Casals Dizzy Gillespie Jascha Heifetz Lena Horne Leontyne Price Bessie Smith Art Tatum Sarah Vaughan 1990s 1990 Nat King Cole Miles Davis Vladimir Horowitz Paul McCartney 1991 Marian Anderson Bob Dylan John Lennon Kitty Wells 1992 James Brown John Coltrane Jimi Hendrix Muddy Waters 1993 Chet Atkins Little Richard Thelonious Monk Bill Monroe Pete Seeger Fats Waller 1994 Bill Evans Aretha Franklin Arthur Rubinstein 1995 Patsy Cline Peggy Lee Henry Mancini Curtis Mayfield Barbra Streisand 1996 Dave Brubeck Marvin Gaye Georg Solti Stevie Wonder 1997 Bobby "Blue" Bland The Everly Brothers Judy Garland Stéphane Grappelli Buddy Holly Charles Mingus Oscar Peterson Frank Zappa 1998 Bo Diddley The Mills Brothers Roy Orbison Paul Robeson 1999 Johnny Cash Sam Cooke Otis Redding Smokey Robinson Mel Tormé 2000s 2000 Harry Belafonte Woody Guthrie John Lee Hooker Mitch Miller Willie Nelson 2001 The Beach Boys Tony Bennett Sammy Davis Jr. Bob Marley The Who 2002 Count Basie Rosemary Clooney Perry Como Al Green Joni Mitchell 2003 Etta James Johnny Mathis Glenn Miller Tito Puente Simon & Garfunkel 2004 Van Cliburn The Funk Brothers Ella Jenkins Sonny Rollins Artie Shaw Doc Watson 2005 Eddy Arnold Art Blakey The Carter Family Morton Gould Janis Joplin Led Zeppelin Jerry Lee Lewis Jelly Roll Morton Pinetop Perkins The Staple Singers 2006 David Bowie Cream Merle Haggard Robert Johnson Jessye Norman Richard Pryor The Weavers 2007 Joan Baez Booker T. & the M.G.'s Maria Callas Ornette Coleman The Doors The Grateful Dead Bob Wills 2008 Burt Bacharach The Band Cab Calloway Doris Day Itzhak Perlman Max Roach Earl Scruggs 2009 Gene Autry The Blind Boys of Alabama The Four Tops Hank Jones Brenda Lee Dean Martin Tom Paxton 2010s 2010 Leonard Cohen Bobby Darin David "Honeyboy" Edwards Michael Jackson Loretta Lynn André Previn Clark Terry 2011 Julie Andrews Roy Haynes Juilliard String Quartet The Kingston Trio Dolly Parton Ramones George Beverly Shea 2012 The Allman Brothers Band Glen Campbell Antônio Carlos Jobim George Jones The Memphis Horns Diana Ross Gil Scott-Heron 2013 Glenn Gould Charlie Haden Lightnin' Hopkins Carole King Patti Page Ravi Shankar The Temptations 2014 The Beatles Clifton Chenier The Isley Brothers Kraftwerk Kris Kristofferson Armando Manzanero Maud Powell 2015 Bee Gees Pierre Boulez Buddy Guy George Harrison Flaco Jiménez The Louvin Brothers Wayne Shorter 2016 Ruth Brown Celia Cruz Earth, Wind & Fire Herbie Hancock Jefferson Airplane Linda Ronstadt Run-DMC 2017 Shirley Caesar Ahmad Jamal Charley Pride Jimmie Rodgers Nina Simone Sly Stone The Velvet Underground 2018 Hal Blaine Neil Diamond Emmylou Harris Louis Jordan The Meters Queen Tina Turner 2019 Black Sabbath George Clinton and Parliament-Funkadelic Billy Eckstine Donny Hathaway Julio Iglesias Sam & Dave Dionne Warwick vteGershwin Prize recipients Paul Simon (2007) Stevie Wonder (2009) Paul McCartney (2010) Burt Bacharach and Hal David (2012) Carole King (2013) Billy Joel (2014) Willie Nelson (2015) Smokey Robinson (2016) Tony Bennett (2017) Emilio Estefan and Gloria Estefan (2019) Garth Brooks (2020) vteKennedy Center Honorees (1990s)1990 Dizzy Gillespie Katharine Hepburn Risë Stevens Jule Styne Billy Wilder 1991 Roy Acuff Betty Comden and Adolph Green Fayard and Harold Nicholas Gregory Peck Robert Shaw 1992 Lionel Hampton Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward Ginger Rogers Mstislav Rostropovich Paul Taylor 1993 Johnny Carson Arthur Mitchell Sir Georg Solti Stephen Sondheim Marion Williams 1994 Kirk Douglas Aretha Franklin Morton Gould Harold Prince Pete Seeger 1995 Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B.B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon 1996 Edward Albee Benny Carter Johnny Cash Jack Lemmon Maria Tallchief 1997 Lauren Bacall Bob Dylan Charlton Heston Jessye Norman Edward Villella 1998 Bill Cosby Fred Ebb and John Kander Willie Nelson André Previn Shirley Temple Black 1999 Victor Borge Sean Connery Judith Jamison Jason Robards Stevie Wonder Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s vteMusiCares Person of the Year David Crosby (1991) Bonnie Raitt (1992) Natalie Cole (1993) Gloria Estefan (1994) Tony Bennett (1995) Quincy Jones (1996) Phil Collins (1997) Luciano Pavarotti (1998) Stevie Wonder (1999) Elton John (2000) Paul Simon (2001) Billy Joel (2002) Bono (2003) Sting (2004) Brian Wilson (2005) James Taylor (2006) Don Henley (2007) Aretha Franklin (2008) Neil Diamond (2009) Neil Young (2010) Barbra Streisand (2011) Paul McCartney (2012) Bruce Springsteen (2013) Carole King (2014) Bob Dylan (2015) Lionel Richie (2016) Tom Petty (2017) Fleetwood Mac (2018) Dolly Parton (2019) Aerosmith (2020) vteLaureates of the Polar Music Prize1990s Paul McCartney / the Baltic states (1992) Dizzy Gillespie / Witold Lutosławski (1993) Quincy Jones / Nikolaus Harnoncourt (1994) Elton John / Mstislav Rostropovich (1995) Joni Mitchell / Pierre Boulez (1996) Bruce Springsteen / Eric Ericson (1997) Ray Charles / Ravi Shankar (1998) Stevie Wonder / Iannis Xenakis (1999) 2000s Bob Dylan / Isaac Stern (2000) Burt Bacharach / Robert Moog / Karlheinz Stockhausen (2001) Miriam Makeba / Sofia Gubaidulina (2002) Keith Jarrett (2003) B.B. King / György Ligeti (2004) Gilberto Gil / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (2005) Led Zeppelin / Valery Gergiev (2006) Sonny Rollins / Steve Reich (2007) Pink Floyd / Renée Fleming (2008) Peter Gabriel / José Antonio Abreu / El Sistema (2009) 2010s Björk / Ennio Morricone (2010) Kronos Quartet / Patti Smith (2011) Paul Simon / Yo-Yo Ma (2012) Youssou N'Dour / Kaija Saariaho (2013) Chuck Berry / Peter Sellars (2014) Emmylou Harris / Evelyn Glennie (2015) Max Martin / Cecilia Bartoli (2016) Sting / Wayne Shorter (2017) Metallica / Afghanistan National Institute of Music (2018) Grandmaster Flash / Anne-Sophie Mutter / Playing for Change (2019) vteRock and Roll Hall of Fame – Class of 1989Performers Dion Otis Redding The Rolling Stones Mick Jagger, Brian Jones, Keith Richards, Ian Stewart, Mick Taylor, Charlie Watts, Ronnie Wood, Bill Wyman The Temptations Dennis Edwards, Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, David Ruffin, Otis Williams, Paul Williams Stevie Wonder Early influences The Ink Spots Charlie Fuqua, Jerry Daniels, Orville "Hoppy" Jones, Bill Kenny, Deek Watson Bessie Smith The Soul Stirrers Roy Crain Sr., Jesse Farley, R. H. Harris, E. A. Rundless Non-performers(Ahmet Ertegun Award) Phil Spector Authority control BIBSYS: 99058129 BNE: XX988927 BNF: cb139012734 (data) CiNii: DA02422374 GND: 118771280 ISNI: 0000 0001 0867 5094 LCCN: n50013801 LNB: 000007059 MusicBrainz: 1ee18fb3-18a6-4c7f-8ba0-bc41cdd0462e NDL: 00461361 NKC: xx0023589 NLA: 35580130 NLI: 000382270 NLP: A20963373 NSK: 000065929 NTA: 070118302 SNAC: w6pv6v42 SUDOC: 027524892 Trove: 1002619 VIAF: 7575770 WorldCat Identities (via VIAF): 7575770 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stevie_Wonder&oldid=926017160" Categories: Stevie Wonder1950 births20th-century American singers21st-century American keyboardists21st-century American singersAfrican-American composersAfrican-American male composersAfrican-American songwritersAmerican songwritersAfrican-American record producersActivists for African-American civil rightsAmerican child singersAmerican tenorsAmerican harmonica playersAmerican male singer-songwritersAfrican-American pianistsAmerican organistsMale organistsAmerican rhythm and blues keyboardistsAmerican rhythm and blues singersAmerican funk keyboardistsAmerican funk singersAmerican multi-instrumentalistsAmerican rhythm and blues singer-songwritersAmerican soul keyboardistsAmerican soul singersAmerican record producersBest Original Song Academy Award-winning songwritersBlind musiciansBlind people from the United StatesChild pop musiciansCommandeurs of the Ordre des Arts et des LettresGershwin Prize recipientsGrammy Award winnersGrammy Lifetime Achievement Award winnersKennedy Center honoreesLiving peopleMotown artistsMusicians from DetroitMusicians from Saginaw, MichiganPresidential Medal of Freedom recipientsRhythm and blues drummersRhythm and blues pianistsTranscendental Meditation practitionersUnited Nations Messengers of PeaceAmerican male pianists21st-century organists20th-century American keyboardistsHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from March 2018Articles with permanently dead external linksCS1 maint: archived copy as titleArticles with short descriptionUse mdy dates from January 2018Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected biographies of living peopleArticles with hCardsArticles with hAudio microformatsIncomplete lists from December 2017Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica linksWikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiersWikipedia articles with BNE identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with CINII identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with LNB identifiersWikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiersWikipedia articles with NDL identifiersWikipedia articles with NKC identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersWikipedia articles with NLI identifiersWikipedia articles with NLP identifiersWikipedia articles with NSK identifiersWikipedia articles with NTA identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiersWikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiersWikipedia articles with Trove identifiersWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadView sourceView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page In other projects Wikimedia CommonsWikiquote Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages AfrikaansالعربيةAragonésAsturianuAzərbaycancaتۆرکجهБългарскиCatalàČeštinaCymraegDanskDeutschEestiΕλληνικάEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFøroysktFrançaisGaeilgeGalego한국어ՀայերենHrvatskiIdoBahasa IndonesiaIsiXhosaÍslenskaItalianoעבריתქართულიKiswahiliKreyòl ayisyenLatinaLatviešuLietuviųMagyarМакедонскиMalagasyമലയാളംმარგალურიمصرىNederlands日本語NapulitanoNorskNorsk nynorskOccitanPolskiPortuguêsRomânăRuna SimiРусскийScotsSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSlovenščinaСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaTagalogไทยTürkçeУкраїнськаTiếng ViệtWinarayYorùbá中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 13 November 2019, at 19:18 (UTC). 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Stevie Wonder - Wikipedia / https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Stevie_Wonder Stevie Wonder - Wikipedia / https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Stevie_Wonder
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Stevie Wonder - Wikipedia Stevie Wonder From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search American musician and record producer Stevie WonderWonder performing in August 1973BornStevland Hardaway Judkins (1950-05-13) May 13, 1950 (age 69)Saginaw, Michigan, U.S.Other namesLittle Stevie WonderOccupation Singer songwriter musician record producer multi-instrumentalist Years active1961–presentHome townDetroit, Michigan, U.S.Spouse(s)Syreeta Wright(m. 1970; div. 1972)Kai Millard(m. 2001; div. 2012)Tomeeka Bracy (m. 2017)Children9Musical careerGenres Soul pop R&B funk jazz Instruments Vocals keyboards harmonica drums harpejji Labels Tamla Motown Associated acts Elton John Michael Jackson Paul McCartney Edwin Birdsong Websitesteviewonder.net Stevland Hardaway Morris (né Judkins; born May 13, 1950), better known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, songwriter, musician and record producer. A prominent figure in popular music, he is one of the most successful musicians of the 20th century.[1] Blind since shortly after his birth, Wonder was a child prodigy known as Little Stevie Wonder leading him to sign with Motown's Tamla label at the age of 11.[1] In 1963, the single "Fingertips" was a No. 1 hit on the US Billboard Hot 100 when Wonder was aged 13, making him the youngest artist ever to top the chart.[2] Wonder started his "classic period" with Music of My Mind and Talking Book (both 1972), the latter of which featured the No. 1 hit "Superstition".[3] It is one of the most distinctive and famous examples of the sound of the Hohner Clavinet keyboard.[4] Innervisions (1973) won Album of the Year at the 16th Grammy Awards.[5] Fulfillingness' First Finale (1974) also won Album of the Year at the 17th Annual Grammy Awards. Songs in the Key of Life (1976) won Album of the Year at the 19th Annual Grammy Awards, making Wonder, along with Frank Sinatra, the most Album of the Year's winner with three. He is also the only artist to have won the award with three consecutive album releases. Wonder's 1970s albums are regarded as very influential; the Rolling Stone Record Guide said they "pioneered stylistic approaches that helped to determine the shape of pop music for the next decade".[3] Wonder's "classic period", between 1972 and 1977, is noted for his funky keyboard style, personal control of production, and series of songs integrated with one another to make a concept album.[6] Wonder has sold over 100 million records worldwide, which placed him among the best-selling music artists of all time.[7] He has won 25 Grammy Awards, making him one of the most awarded artists of all time. He was the first Motown artist and second African-American musician to win an Academy Award for Best Original Song, for the 1984 film The Woman in Red. Wonder was inducted into the Rock and Rock Hall of Fame and Songwriters Hall of Fame, and received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[8][9] Wonder is also noted for his work as an activist for political causes, including his 1980 campaign to make Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday a holiday in the United States.[10] In 2009, he was named a United Nations Messenger of Peace.[11] Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 1961–1969: Sixties singles 2.2 1970–1979: Seventies albums and classic period 2.3 1980–1990: Commercial period 2.4 1991–1999: Continued released new material, 1996 Summer Olympics 2.5 2000–present: Later career 3 Legacy 4 Personal life 4.1 Marriages 4.2 Children 4.3 Other 5 Awards and recognition 5.1 Grammy Awards 5.2 Other awards and recognition 5.3 Honorary degrees 6 Discography 7 See also 8 References 9 External links Early life Wonder was born Stevland Hardaway Judkins in Saginaw, Michigan, on May 13, 1950,[12] the third of six children born to Calvin Judkins and songwriter Lula Mae Hardaway. He was born six weeks premature which, along with the oxygen-rich atmosphere in the hospital incubator, resulted in retinopathy of prematurity, a condition in which the growth of the eyes is aborted and causes the retinas to detach, so he became blind.[13][14] When Wonder was four, his mother divorced his father and moved with her children to Detroit, Michigan, where Wonder sang as a child in a choir at the Whitestone Baptist Church.[15] She changed her name back to Lula Hardaway and later changed her son's surname to Morris, partly because of relatives. Wonder has retained Morris as his legal surname. He began playing instruments at an early age, including piano, harmonica, and drums. He formed a singing partnership with a friend; calling themselves Stevie and John, they played on street corners and occasionally at parties and dances.[16] As a child, Wonder attended Fitzgerald Elementary School. After his first album was released, he enrolled in Michigan School for the Blind.[17][18] Career 1961–1969: Sixties singles Wonder rehearsing for a performance on Dutch TV in 1967 In 1961, when aged 11, Wonder sang his own composition, "Lonely Boy", to Ronnie White of the Miracles;[19][20] White then took Wonder and his mother to an audition at Motown, where CEO Berry Gordy signed Wonder to Motown's Tamla label.[12] Before signing, producer Clarence Paul gave him the name Little Stevie Wonder.[13] Because of Wonder's age, the label drew up a rolling five-year contract in which royalties would be held in trust until Wonder was 21. He and his mother would be paid a weekly stipend to cover their expenses: Wonder received $2.50 (equivalent to $20.96 in 2018) per week, and a private tutor was provided for when Wonder was on tour.[20] Wonder was put in the care of producer and songwriter Clarence Paul, and for a year they worked together on two albums. Tribute to Uncle Ray was recorded first, when Wonder was still 11 years old. Mainly covers of Ray Charles's songs, the album included a Wonder and Paul composition, "Sunset". The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie was recorded next, an instrumental album consisting mainly of Paul's compositions, two of which, "Wondering" and "Session Number 112", were co-written with Wonder.[21] Feeling Wonder was now ready, a song, "Mother Thank You", was recorded for release as a single, but then pulled and replaced by the Berry Gordy song "I Call It Pretty Music, But the Old People Call It the Blues" as his début single;[22] released summer 1962,[23] it almost broke into the Billboard 100, spending one week of August at 101 before dropping out of sight.[24] Two follow-up singles, "Little Water Boy" and "Contract on Love", both had no success, and the two albums, released in reverse order of recording—The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie in September 1962 and Tribute to Uncle Ray in October 1962—also met with little success.[21][25] At the end of 1962, when Wonder was 12 years old, he joined the Motortown Revue, touring the "Chitlin' Circuit" of theatres across America that accepted black artists. At the Regal Theater, Chicago, his 20-minute performance was recorded and released in May 1963 as the album Recorded Live: The 12 Year Old Genius.[21] A single, "Fingertips", from the album was also released in May, and became a major hit.[26] The song, featuring a confident and enthusiastic Wonder returning for a spontaneous encore that catches out the replacement bass player, who is heard to call out "What key? What key?",[26][27] was a No. 1 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 when Wonder was aged 13, making him the youngest artist ever to top the chart.[28] The single was simultaneously No. 1 on the R&B chart, the first time that had occurred.[29] His next few recordings, however, were not successful; his voice was changing as he got older, and some Motown executives were considering cancelling his recording contract.[29] During 1964, Wonder appeared in two films as himself, Muscle Beach Party and Bikini Beach, but these were not successful either.[30] Sylvia Moy persuaded label owner Berry Gordy to give Wonder another chance.[29] Most of these songs hit the charts in a big way before Stevie turned twenty-one [in 1971]. Because he's grown up fast, the love lyrics are less teen-specific than a lot of early Smokey, say, but the music is pure puberty. Stevie's rockers are always one step ahead of themselves—their gawky groove is so disorienting it makes you pay attention, like a voice that's perpetually changing. The ballads conceive coming of age more conventionally, and less felicitously. But he sure covered Tony Bennett better than the Supremes or the Tempts could have, now didn't he? –Review of Stevie Wonder's Greatest Hits Vol. 2 in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981)[31] Dropping the "Little" from his name, Moy and Wonder worked together to create the hit "Uptight (Everything's Alright)",[29] and Wonder went on to have a number of other hits during the mid-1960s, including "With a Child's Heart", and "Blowin' in the Wind",[27] a Bob Dylan cover, co-sung by his mentor, producer Clarence Paul.[32] He also began to work in the Motown songwriting department, composing songs both for himself and his label mates, including "The Tears of a Clown", a No. 1 hit for Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (it was first released in 1967, mostly unnoticed as the last track of their Make It Happen LP, but eventually became a major success when re-released as a single in 1970, which prompted Robinson to reconsider his intention of leaving the group).[33] In 1968 he recorded an album of instrumental soul/jazz tracks, mostly harmonica solos, under the title Eivets Rednow, which is "Stevie Wonder" spelled backwards.[34] The album failed to get much attention, and its only single, a cover of "Alfie", only reached number 66 on the U.S. Pop charts and number 11 on the US Adult Contemporary charts. Nonetheless, he managed to score several hits between 1968 and 1970 such as "I Was Made to Love Her",[32] "For Once in My Life" and "Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours". A number of Wonder's early hits, including "My Cherie Amour", "I Was Made to Love Her", and "Uptight (Everything's Alright)", were co-written with Henry Cosby. The hit single "Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours" was his first ever self-produced song.[35] 1970–1979: Seventies albums and classic period In September 1970, at the age of 20, Wonder married Syreeta Wright, a songwriter and former Motown secretary. Wright and Wonder worked together on the next album, Where I'm Coming From (1971), Wonder writing the music, and Wright helping with the lyrics.[36] Around this time, Wonder became interested in utilizing synthesizers after hearing albums by electronic group Tonto's Expanding Head Band.[37] Wonder and Wright wanted to "touch on the social problems of the world", and for the lyrics "to mean something".[36] The album was released at around the same time as Marvin Gaye's What's Going On. As both albums had similar ambitions and themes, they have been compared; in a contemporaneous review by Vince Aletti in Rolling Stone, Gaye's was seen as successful, while Wonder's was seen as failing due to "self-indulgent and cluttered" production, "undistinguished" and "pretentious" lyrics, and an overall lack of unity and flow.[38] Also in 1970, Wonder co-wrote, and played numerous instruments on the hit "It's a Shame" for fellow Motown act the Spinners. His contribution was meant to be a showcase of his talent and thus a weapon in his ongoing negotiations with Gordy about creative autonomy.[39] Reaching his 21st birthday on May 13, 1971, he allowed his Motown contract to expire.[40] During this period, Wonder independently recorded two albums and signed a new contract with Motown Records. The 120-page contract was a precedent at Motown and gave Wonder a much higher royalty rate.[41] Wonder returned to Motown in March 1972 with Music of My Mind. Unlike most previous albums on Motown, which usually consisted of a collection of singles, B-sides and covers, Music of My Mind was a full-length artistic statement with songs flowing together thematically.[41] Wonder's lyrics dealt with social, political, and mystical themes as well as standard romantic ones, while musically he began exploring overdubbing and recording most of the instrumental parts himself.[41] Music of My Mind marked the beginning of a long collaboration with Tonto's Expanding Head Band (Robert Margouleff and Malcolm Cecil).[42][43] "Superstition" (reduced quality) from Talking Book by Stevie Wonder, Motown, October 27, 1972. Sample from Stevie Wonder Song Review: A Greatest Hits Collection, Motown, December 10, 1996 Problems playing this file? See media help. Released in late 1972, Talking Book featured the No. 1 hit "Superstition",[44] which is one of the most distinctive and famous examples of the sound of the Hohner Clavinet keyboard.[45] Talking Book also featured "You Are the Sunshine of My Life", which also peaked at No. 1. During the same time as the album's release, Wonder began touring with the Rolling Stones to alleviate the negative effects from pigeonholing as a result of being an R&B artist in America.[19] Wonder's touring with the Stones was also a factor behind the success of both "Superstition" and "You Are the Sunshine of My Life".[41][46] Between them, the two songs won three Grammy Awards.[5] On an episode of the children's television show Sesame Street that aired in April 1973,[47] Wonder and his band performed "Superstition", as well as an original called "Sesame Street Song", which demonstrated his abilities with television. Innervisions, released in 1973, featured "Higher Ground" (No. 4 on the pop charts) as well as the trenchant "Living for the City" (No. 8).[44] Both songs reached No. 1 on the R&B charts. Popular ballads such as "Golden Lady" and "All in Love Is Fair" were also present, in a mixture of moods that nevertheless held together as a unified whole.[48] Innervisions generated three more Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year.[5] The album is ranked No. 23 on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[49] Wonder had become the most influential and acclaimed black musician of the early 1970s.[41] On August 6, 1973, Wonder was in a serious automobile accident while on tour in North Carolina, when a car in which he was riding hit the back of a truck.[41][50] This left him in a coma for four days and resulted in a partial loss of his sense of smell and a temporary loss of sense of taste.[51] Despite the setback, Wonder re-appeared for a European tour in early 1974, performing at the Midem convention in Cannes, at the Rainbow Theatre in London, and on the German television show Musikladen.[52] On his return from Europe, he played a sold-out concert at Madison Square Garden in March 1974, highlighting both up-tempo material and long, building improvisations on mid-tempo songs such as "Living for the City".[41] The album Fulfillingness' First Finale appeared in July 1974 and set two hits high on the pop charts: the No. 1 "You Haven't Done Nothin'" and the Top Ten "Boogie on Reggae Woman". The Album of the Year was again one of three Grammys won.[5] The same year Wonder took part in a Los Angeles jam session that would become known as the bootleg album A Toot and a Snore in '74.[53][54] He also co-wrote and produced the Syreeta Wright album Stevie Wonder Presents: Syreeta.[55][56] On October 4, 1975, Wonder performed at the historic "Wonder Dream Concert" in Kingston, Jamaica, a benefit for the Jamaican Institute for the Blind.[57] In 1975, he played harmonica on two tracks on Billy Preston's album It's My Pleasure. By 1975, at the age of 25, Wonder had won two consecutive Grammy Awards: in 1974 for Innervisions and in 1975 for Fulfillingness' First Finale.[58] In 1976, when Paul Simon won the Album Of The Year Grammy for his Still Crazy After All These Years, he wryly noted, "I'd like to thank Stevie Wonder, who didn't make an album this year."[59][60] The double album-with-extra-EP Songs in the Key of Life was released in September 1976. Sprawling in style, unlimited in ambition, and sometimes lyrically difficult to fathom, the album was hard for some listeners to assimilate, yet is regarded by many as Wonder's crowning achievement and one of the most recognizable and accomplished albums in pop music history.[41][44][61] The album became the first by an American artist to debut straight at No. 1 in the Billboard charts, where it stood for 14 non-consecutive weeks.[62] Two tracks became No. 1 Pop/R&B hits: "I Wish" and "Sir Duke". The baby-celebratory "Isn't She Lovely?" was written about his newborn daughter Aisha, while songs such as "Love's in Need of Love Today" and "Village Ghetto Land" reflected a far more pensive mood. Songs in the Key of Life won Album of the Year and two other Grammys.[5] The album ranks 57th on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[49] Until 1979's Stevie Wonder's Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants" his only release was the retrospective three-disc album Looking Back, an anthology of his early Motown period. 1980–1990: Commercial period The 1980s saw Wonder achieving his biggest hits and highest level of fame; he had increased album sales, charity participation, high-profile collaborations, political impact, and television appearances. The 1979 mainly instrumental soundtrack album Stevie Wonder's Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants" was composed using an early music sampler, a Computer Music Melodian.[63] It was also his first digital recording, and one of the earliest popular albums to use the technology, which Wonder used for all subsequent recordings. Wonder toured briefly in support of the album, and used a Fairlight CMI sampler on stage.[64] In this year Wonder also wrote and produced the dance hit "Let's Get Serious", performed by Jermaine Jackson and (ranked by Billboard as the No. 1 R&B single of 1980). Hotter than July (1980) became Wonder's first platinum-selling single album, and its single "Happy Birthday" was a successful vehicle for his campaign to establish Dr. Martin Luther King's birthday as a national holiday. The album also included "Master Blaster (Jammin')", "I Ain't Gonna Stand for It", and the sentimental ballad, "Lately". In 1982, Wonder released a retrospective of his 1970s work with Stevie Wonder's Original Musiquarium, which included four new songs: the ten-minute funk classic "Do I Do" (which featured Dizzy Gillespie), "That Girl" (one of the year's biggest singles to chart on the R&B side), "Front Line", a narrative about a soldier in the Vietnam War that Wonder wrote and sang in the first person, and "Ribbon in the Sky", one of his many classic compositions. He also gained a No. 1 hit that year in collaboration with Paul McCartney in their paean to racial harmony, "Ebony and Ivory". In 1983, Wonder performed the song "Stay Gold", the theme to Francis Ford Coppola's film adaptation of S. E. Hinton's novel The Outsiders. Wonder wrote the lyrics. In 1983, he scheduled an album to be entitled People Work, Human Play. The album never surfaced and instead 1984 saw the release of Wonder's soundtrack album for The Woman in Red. The lead single, "I Just Called to Say I Love You", was a No. 1 pop and R&B hit in both the United States and the United Kingdom, where it was placed 13th in the list of best-selling singles in the UK published in 2002. (The single was also a hit in lots of other countries as well). It went on to win an Academy award for best song in 1985. Wonder accepted the award in the name of Nelson Mandela and was subsequently banned from all South African radio by the Government of South Africa.[65] Incidentally, on the occasion of his 35th birthday, Stevie Wonder was honored by the United Nations Special Committee Against Apartheid for his stance against racism in South Africa that same year (1985).[66] The album also featured a guest appearance by Dionne Warwick, singing the duet "It's You" with Stevie and a few songs of her own. Following the success of the album and its lead single, Wonder made an appearance on The Cosby Show, in the episode "A Touch of Wonder" where he demonstrated his ability to sample. The following year's In Square Circle featured the No. 1 pop hit "Part-Time Lover". The album also has a Top 10 Hit with "Go Home." It also featured the ballad "Overjoyed", which was originally written for Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants", but did not make the album. He performed "Overjoyed" on Saturday Night Live when he was the host. He was also featured in Chaka Khan's cover of Prince's "I Feel For You", alongside Melle Mel, playing his signature harmonica. In roughly the same period he was also featured on harmonica on Eurythmics' single, "There Must Be an Angel (Playing with My Heart)" and Elton John's "I Guess That's Why They Call It the Blues". Wonder was in a featured duet with Bruce Springsteen on the all-star charity single for African Famine Relief, "We Are the World", and he was part of another charity single the following year (1986), the AIDS-inspired "That's What Friends Are For". He played harmonica on the album Dreamland Express by John Denver in the song "If Ever", a song Wonder co-wrote with Stephanie Andrews; wrote the track "I Do Love You" for the Beach Boys' 1985 self-titled album; and played harmonica on "Can't Help Lovin' That Man" on The Broadway Album by Barbra Streisand. In 1987, Wonder appeared on Michael Jackson's Bad album, on the duet "Just Good Friends". Michael Jackson also sang a duet with him entitled "Get It" on Wonder's 1987 album Characters. This was a minor hit single, as were "Skeletons" and "You Will Know". 1991–1999: Continued released new material, 1996 Summer Olympics Wonder in 1990 After 1987's Characters album, Wonder continued to release new material, but at a slower pace. He recorded a soundtrack album for Spike Lee's film Jungle Fever in 1991. From this album, singles and videos were released for "Gotta Have You", "Fun Day" (remix only), "These Three Words" and "Jungle Fever" . The B-side to the "Gotta Have You" single was "Feeding Off The Love of the Land", which was played during the end credits of the movie Jungle Fever but was not included on the soundtrack. A piano and vocal version of "Feeding Off The Love of the Land" was also released on the Nobody's Child: Romanian Angel Appeal compilation. Conversation Peace and the live album Natural Wonder were released in the 1990s.[67] Among his other activities he played harmonica on one track for the 1994 tribute album Kiss My Ass: Classic Kiss Regrooved;[68] sang at the 1996 Summer Olympics closing ceremony;[69] collaborated in 1997 with Babyface on "How Come, How Long", a song about domestic violence that was nominated for a Grammy award;[70] and played harmonica on Sting's 1999 "Brand New Day".[71] In December 1999, Wonder announced that he was interested in pursuing an intraocular retinal prosthesis to partially restore his sight.[72] 2000–present: Later career Into the 21st century, Wonder contributed two new songs to the soundtrack for Spike Lee's Bamboozled album ("Misrepresented People" and "Some Years Ago").[73] Wonder continues to record and perform; though mainly occasional appearances and guest performances, he did do two tours, and released one album of new material, 2005's A Time to Love. In June 2006, Wonder made a guest appearance on Busta Rhymes' album The Big Bang, on the track "Been through the Storm". He sings the refrain and plays the piano on the Dr. Dre- and Sha Money XL–produced track. He appeared again on the last track of Snoop Dogg's album Tha Blue Carpet Treatment, "Conversations". The song is a remake of "Have a Talk with God" from Songs in the Key of Life. In 2006, Wonder staged a duet with Andrea Bocelli on the latter's album Amore, offering harmonica and additional vocals on "Canzoni Stonate". Wonder also performed at Washington, D.C.'s 2006 "A Capitol Fourth" celebration. His key appearances include performing at the opening ceremony of the 2002 Winter Paralympics in Salt Lake City,[74] the 2005 Live 8 concert in Philadelphia,[75] the pre-game show for Super Bowl XL in 2006, the Obama Inaugural Celebration in 2009, and the opening ceremony of the 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games in Athens, Greece.[76] Wonder in 2006 Wonder's first new album in ten years, A Time to Love, was released in October 2005 to lower sales than previous albums, and lukewarm reviews—most reviewers appearing frustrated at the end of the long delay to get an album that mainly copied the style of Wonder's "classic period" without doing anything new.[77] The first single, "So What the Fuss", was released in April. A second single, "From the Bottom of My Heart", was a hit on adult-contemporary R&B radio. The album also featured a duet with India Arie on the title track "A Time to Love". By June 2008, Wonder was working on two projects simultaneously: a new album called The Gospel Inspired By Lula, which will deal with the various spiritual and cultural crises facing the world, and Through The Eyes Of Wonder, an album he has described as a performance piece that will reflect his experience as a blind man. Wonder was also keeping the door open for a collaboration with Tony Bennett and Quincy Jones concerning a rumored jazz album.[78] If Wonder were to join forces with Bennett, it would not be for the first time; their rendition of "For Once in My Life" earned them a Grammy for best pop collaboration with vocals in 2006.[5] Wonder's harmonica playing can be heard on the 2009 Grammy-nominated "Never Give You Up", featuring CJ Hilton and Raphael Saadiq.[79] Barack Obama presenting Wonder with the Gershwin Prize in 2009 Wonder did a 13-date tour of North America in 2007, starting in San Diego on August 23; this was his first U.S. tour in more than 10 years.[80] On September 8, 2008, he started the European leg of his Wonder Summer's Night Tour, the first time he had toured Europe in over a decade. His opening show was at the National Indoor Arena in Birmingham in the English Midlands. During the tour, he played eight UK gigs; four at the O2 Arena in London (filmed in HD and subsequently released as a live in-concert release on DVD and Blu-Ray, Live At Last[81]), two in Birmingham and two at the M.E.N. Arena in Manchester. Wonder's other stops in the tour's European leg also found him performing in the Netherlands (Rotterdam), Sweden (Stockholm), Germany (Cologne, Mannheim and Munich), Norway (Hamar), France (Paris), Italy (Milan) and Denmark (Aalborg). Wonder also toured Australia (Perth, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane) and New Zealand (Christchurch, Auckland and New Plymouth) in October and November.[82] His 2010 tour included a two-hour set at the Bonnaroo Music Festival in Manchester, Tennessee, a stop at London's "Hard Rock Calling" in Hyde Park, and appearances at England's Glastonbury Festival, Rotterdam's North Sea Jazz Festival, and a concert in Bergen, Norway, and a concert in Dublin, Ireland, at the O2 Arena on June 24.[82] He sang at the Michael Jackson memorial service in 2009,[83] at Etta James' funeral, in 2012,[84] and a month later at Whitney Houston's memorial service.[85] Wonder appeared on singer Celine Dion's studio album Loved Me Back to Life performing a cover of his 1985 song "Overjoyed".[86] The album was released in October 2013. He was also featured on two tracks on Mark Ronson's album Uptown Special. In 2013, Wonder revealed that he had been recording new material for two albums, When the World Began and Ten Billion Hearts, in collaboration with producer David Foster, to be released in 2014.[87] The albums have not been released yet. Legacy Wonder street art in Amsterdam, Netherlands A prominent figure in popular music during the latter half of the 20th century, Wonder has recorded more than 30 U.S. top ten hits and won 25 Grammy Awards[5] (the most ever won by a solo artist) as well as a Lifetime Achievement Award. He has also won an Academy Award for Best Song,[88] and been inducted into both the Rock and Roll[8] and Songwriters[89] halls of fame. He has also been awarded the Polar Music Prize.[90] American music magazine Rolling Stone named him the ninth greatest singer of all time.[91][92] In June 2009 he became the fourth artist to receive the Montreal Jazz Festival Spirit Award.[93] He has had ten U.S. number-one hits on the pop charts as well as 20 R&B number one hits, and has sold over 100 million records, 19.5 million of which are albums;[94] he is one of the top 60 best-selling music artists with combined sales of singles and albums.[95] Wonder has recorded several critically acclaimed albums and hit singles, and writes and produces songs for many of his label mates and outside artists as well. Wonder plays the piano, synthesizer, harmonica, congas, drums, bongos, organ, melodica and Clavinet. In his childhood, he was best known for his harmonica work, but today he is better known for his keyboard skills and vocal ability. Wonder was the first Motown artist and second African-American musician to win an Academy Award for Best Original Song, which he won for his 1984 hit single "I Just Called to Say I Love You" from the movie The Woman in Red. Wonder receiving a standing ovation in the East Room of the White House in 2011 Wonder's "classic period" is generally agreed to be between 1972 and 1977.[96][97][6] Some observers see in 1971's Where I'm Coming From certain indications of the beginning of the classic period, such as its new funky keyboard style which Wonder used throughout the classic period.[6] Some determine Wonder's first "classic" album to be 1972's Music of My Mind, on which he attained personal control of production, and on which he programmed a series of songs integrated with one another to make a concept album.[6] Others skip over early 1972 and determine the beginning of the classic period to be Talking Book in late 1972,[98] the album in which Wonder "hit his stride".[6] His classic 1970s albums were considered very influential in the music world: the 1983 Rolling Stone Record Guide said they "pioneered stylistic approaches that helped to determine the shape of pop music for the next decade";[44] Rolling Stone's 2003 list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time included four of the five albums, with three in the top 90;[49] and in 2005, Kanye West said of his own work, "I'm not trying to compete with what's out there now. I'm really trying to compete with Innervisions and Songs in the Key of Life. It sounds musically blasphemous to say something like that, but why not set that as your bar?"[99] Personal life Marriages Wonder has been married three times. He was married to Motown singer-songwriter and frequent collaborator Syreeta Wright from 1970 until their amicable divorce in 1972. From 2001 until 2012 he was married to fashion designer Kai Millard.[100] In October 2009, Wonder and Millard separated; Wonder filed for divorce in August 2012.[101] In 2017 he married Tomeeka Bracy.[102] Children Wonder has nine children by five different women.[103] The mother of Wonder's first child is Yolanda Simmons, whom Wonder met when she applied for a job as secretary for his publishing company.[104] Simmons gave birth to Wonder's daughter Aisha Morris on February 2, 1975.[105][106] After Aisha was born, Wonder said "she was the one thing that I needed in my life and in my music for a long time".[104] Aisha was the inspiration for Wonder's hit single "Isn't She Lovely?" She is now a singer who has toured with her father and accompanied him on recordings, including his 2005 album A Time to Love. Wonder and Simmons also had a son, Keita, in 1977.[107] In 1983, Wonder had a son named Mumtaz Morris with Melody McCulley.[108] He also has a daughter, Sophia, and a son, Kwame, with a woman whose identity has not been publicly disclosed.[107] Wonder has two sons with second wife Kai Millard Morris; the elder is named Kailand and he occasionally performs as a drummer on stage with his father. The younger son, Mandla Kadjay Carl Stevland Morris, was born on May 13, 2005, his father's 55th birthday.[100] Wonder's ninth child, his second with Tomeeka Robyn Bracy, was born in December 2014, amid rumors that he would be the father to triplets.[109] This turned out not to be the case, and the couple's new daughter was given the name Nia,[110] meaning "purpose"–one of the seven principles of Kwanzaa.[109] The name of Wonder's first child with Bracy is unknown. Other In May 2006, Wonder's mother Lula Mae Hardaway died in Los Angeles at the age of 76. During his September 8, 2008, UK concert in Birmingham, he spoke of his decision to begin touring again following his loss: "I want to take all the pain that I feel and celebrate and turn it around."[111] Wonder was introduced to Transcendental Meditation through his marriage to Syreeta Wright.[112] Consistent with that spiritual vision, Wonder became vegetarian, and later a vegan, singing about it in October 2015 on The Late Late Show with James Corden during the show's "Carpool Karaoke" segment.[113][114][115] Wonder joined Twitter on April 4, 2018, and his first tweet was a five-minute video honoring Martin Luther King, Jr. Dozens of famous personalities were rounded up in the video, which was titled "The Dream Still Lives". Each person involved shared their dream, calling back to King's popular speech in 1963. Wonder's very first tweet took the Internet by storm, and he also encouraged viewers to share their own videos about their dreams with the hashtag #DreamStillLives.[116] Wonder has been a longtime Baptist affiliated with black churches.[117][118][119] On August 31, 2018, Wonder performed at the funeral of Aretha Franklin at Detroit's Greater Grace Temple. He closed the ceremony with a rendition of the Lord's Prayer and his song "As".[120] At a concert in London's Hyde Park on July 6, 2019, Wonder announced that he would be undergoing a kidney transplant in September.[121] Awards and recognition Grammy Awards Wonder has won 25 Grammy Awards,[5] as well as a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1996.[122] He is one of only two artists and groups who have won the Grammy for Album of the Year three times as the main credited artist, along with Frank Sinatra. Wonder is the only artist to have won the award with three consecutive album releases. Grammy Awards Year Award Title 1973 Best Rhythm & Blues Song "Superstition" 1973 Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male "Superstition" 1973 Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male "You are the Sunshine of My Life" 1973 Album of the Year Innervisions 1974 Best Rhythm & Blues Song "Living for the City" 1974 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "Boogie on Reggae Woman" 1974 Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Fulfillingness' First Finale 1974 Album of the Year Fulfillingness' First Finale 1976 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "I Wish" 1976 Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Songs in the Key of Life[123] 1976 Best Producer of the Year* N/A 1976 Album of the Year Songs in the Key of Life 1985 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance In Square Circle 1986 Best Pop Performance by a Duo Or Group With Vocal(awarded to Dionne Warwick, Elton John, Gladys Knight, and Wonder) "That's What Friends Are For" 1995 Best Rhythm & Blues Song "For Your Love" 1995 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "For Your Love" 1998 Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s)(awarded to Herbie Hancock, Robert Sadin, and Wonder) "St. Louis Blues" 1998 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "St. Louis Blues" 2002 Best R&B Performance by a Duo Or Group With Vocals(awarded to Wonder and Take 6) "Love's in Need of Love Today" 2005 Best Male Pop Vocal Performance "From the Bottom of My Heart" 2005 Best R&B Performance by a Duo Or Group With Vocals(awarded to Beyoncé and Wonder) "So Amazing" 2006 Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals (awarded to Tony Bennett and Wonder) "For Once in My Life" From 1965 to 1980 a self-produced artist received one Grammy Award as an artist and an additional one as a producer in the Record of the Year and Album of the Year categories Year Nominee / work Award Result 1967 "Uptight" Best Rhythm & Blues Recording Nominated Best Rhythm & Blues Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female Nominated 1969 "For Once in My Life" Best Rhythm & Blues Vocal Performance, Male Nominated 1971 "Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours" Best Rhythm & Blues Song Nominated Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated 1972 "We Can Work It Out" Nominated 1974 "Superstition" Won Best Rhythm & Blues Song Won "You Are the Sunshine of My Life" Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Won Record of the Year Nominated Song of the Year Nominated Innervisions Album of the Year Won 1975 Fulfillingness' First Finale Won Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Won "Boogie On Reggae Woman" Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Won "Living for the City" Best Rhythm & Blues Song Won "Tell Me Something Good" Nominated Stevie Wonder Best Producer of the Year Nominated 1977 Won "Contusion" Best Pop Instrumental Performance Nominated Best Instrumental Composition Nominated "Have A Talk With God" Best Inspirational Performance Nominated Songs in the Key of Life Album of the Year Won Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Won "I Wish" Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Won 1981 "Master Blaster (Jammin')" Nominated Stevie Wonder's Journey Through The Secret Life Of Plants Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a Television Special Nominated Stevie Wonder Producer of the Year (Non-Classical) Nominated "Let's Get Serious" Best Rhythm & Blues Song Nominated 1983 "That Girl" Nominated "Do I Do" Nominated Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s) Nominated "Ebony and Ivory" Record of the Year Nominated Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated "What's That You're Doing" Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated 1985 "I Just Called to Say I Love You" Song of the Year Nominated Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Nominated "I Just Called To Say I Love You (Instrumental)" Best Pop Instrumental Performance Nominated The Woman In Red Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated 1986 In Square Circle Won "Part-Time Lover" Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Nominated 1987 "That's What Friends Are For" Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Won Record of the Year Nominated 1988 "Skeletons" Best Rhythm & Blues Song Nominated Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated 1989 Characters Nominated 1992 "Gotta Have You" Nominated Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or for Television Nominated "Jungle Fever" Nominated 1996 "For Your Love" Best Male R&B Vocal Performance Won Best Rhythm & Blues Song Won 1997 "Kiss Lonely Goodbye (Harmonica with Orchestra)" Best Pop Instrumental Performance Nominated 1998 "How Come, How Long" Best Short Form Music Video Nominated Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals Nominated 1999 "How Come, How Long" (Live) Nominated "St. Louis Blues" Best Male R&B Vocal Performance Won Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s) Won 2003 "Love's In Need Of Love Today" Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Won "Christmas Song" Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals Nominated 2005 "Moon River" Nominated 2006 "A Time To Love" Nominated A Time To Love Best R&B Album Nominated "So What the Fuss" Best Male R&B Vocal Performance Nominated "How Will I Know" Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals Nominated "So Amazing" Won "From The Bottom Of My Heart" Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Won 2007 "For Once in My Life" Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals Won 2009 "Never Give You Up" Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals Nominated 2010 "All About the Love Again" Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Nominated Other awards and recognition Wonder has been given a range of awards for his music, and for his civil rights work, including induction into the Songwriters and the Rock and Roll halls of fame; gaining a Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Civil Rights Museum, being named one of the United Nations Messengers of Peace, and earning a Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama in 2014. In December 2016, the City of Detroit recognized Wonder's legacy by renaming a portion of his childhood street, Milwaukee Avenue West, between Woodward Avenue and Brush Street, as "Stevie Wonder Avenue". He was also awarded an honorary key to the city, presented by Mayor Mike Duggan.[124] Awards and recognition Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame 1983: inducted to the Songwriters Hall of Fame.[89] 1984: received an Academy Award for Best Song for "I Just Called to Say I Love You" from the movie The Woman in Red.[88] 1989: inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[8] 1999: received the Polar Music Prize[90] and Kennedy Center Honors.[125] 2002: received the George and Ira Gershwin Lifetime Achievement Award at UCLA's Spring Sing.[126] The same year, Wonder received the Sammy Cahn Lifetime Achievement Award from the Songwriters Hall of Fame.[127] 2004: received the Billboard Century Award.[128] Also in 2004, Rolling Stone ranked him No. 15 on their list of the 100 Greatest Rock and Roll Artists of All Time.[129] 2006: was inducted, as one of the first inductees, into the Michigan Walk of Fame.[130] The same year, Wonder received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Civil Rights Museum in Memphis.[131] 2008: Ranked at number five on "The Billboard Hot 100 Top All-Time Artists", making him as the third most successful male artist in the history of Billboard Hot 100 chart.[132] February 23, 2009: Recipient of the Library of Congress's second Gershwin Prize For Popular Song, honored by US President Barack Obama at the White House.[133][134] 2009: Recipient of the Montreal Jazz Festival Spirit Award.[93] This special award underlines a popular artist's extraordinary contribution to the musical world. The Montreal Jazz Festival Spirit Award is in bronze. 2009: Named a Messenger of Peace by the United Nations.[11] March 6, 2010: Wonder was appointed a Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters by French Culture Minister Frédéric Mitterrand. Wonder had been due to be invested with this honor in 1981, but scheduling problems prevented this from happening. A lifetime achievement award was also given to Wonder on the same day, at France's biggest music awards.[135] June 2011: the Apollo Theater inducted Wonder into the Apollo Legends Hall of Fame.[136][137] 2013: received the Music Makes One Global Ambassador Award from the outstanding music award ceremony of Asia and the World, Mnet Asian Music Awards.[138] 2014: Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom.[139] Honorary degrees Stevie Wonder has received many honorary degrees in recognition of his music career. These include: State Date School Degree  Alabama June 2, 1996 University of Alabama at Birmingham Doctor of Music (D.Mus.)[140]  Connecticut May 22, 2017 Yale University Doctor of Music (D.Mus.)[141] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Discography Main article: Stevie Wonder discography The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie (1962) Tribute to Uncle Ray (1962) With a Song in My Heart (1963) Stevie at the Beach (1964) Up-Tight (1966) Down to Earth (1966) I Was Made to Love Her (1967) Someday at Christmas (1967) Eivets Rednow (1968) For Once in My Life (1968) My Cherie Amour (1969) Signed, Sealed & Delivered (1970) Where I'm Coming From (1971) Music of My Mind (1972) Talking Book (1972) Innervisions (1973) Fulfillingness' First Finale (1974) Songs in the Key of Life (1976) Stevie Wonder's Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants" (1979) Hotter than July (1980) The Woman in Red (1984) In Square Circle (1985) Characters (1987) Jungle Fever (1991) Conversation Peace (1995) A Time to Love (2005) See also United States portal Book: Stevie Wonder Harry Mendell, who collaborated musically with Stevie Wonder on two albums List of Billboard Hot 100 chart achievements and milestones List of artists who reached number one on the Hot 100 (U.S.) References ^ a b Perone, James E. (2006). The Sound of Stevie Wonder: His Words and Music. Greenwood Publishing. p. xi–xii. ISBN 0-275-98723-X. ^ Trust, Gary (October 2, 2013). "Lorde's 'Royals' Crowns Hot 100". Billboard. ^ a b Marsh, Dave; Swenson, John, eds. (1983). The New Rolling Stone Record Guide. Random House/Rolling Stone Press. pp. 556–557. ISBN 0-394-72107-1. ^ The history of the Hohner Clavinet Archived January 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved October 18, 2008. ^ a b c d e f g h Search for "Stevie Wonder" at Grammy.com. ^ a b c d e Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2001). All music guide: the definitive guide to popular music (4 ed.). Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 447–448. ISBN 0-87930-627-0. ^ Dobuzinskis, Alex (June 20, 2008). "Stevie Wonder embarks on "magical" summer tour". Reuters. Retrieved September 16, 2011. ^ a b c Rock and Roll Hall of Fame – Inductee list. 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Pop Chronicles Show 25 – The Soul Reformation: Phase two, the Motown story [Part 4]. UNT Digital Library. ^ Trust, Gary (October 2, 2013). "Lorde's 'Royals' Crowns Hot 100". Billboard. ^ a b c d Williams (January 1, 2002). Stevie Wonder. Infobase Publishing. p. 30. ^ Brown, Jeremy K. (2010). Stevie Wonder: Musician. Infobase Publishing. p. 36. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: W". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 9, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com. ^ a b Stevie Wonder interviewed on the Pop Chronicles (1970) ^ Williams (January 1, 2002). Stevie Wonder. Infobase Publishing. p. 36. ^ Perone, James E. (January 1, 2006). The Sound of Stevie Wonder: His Words and Music. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 13. ^ Boyland, George (August 2, 2018). "Readers recommend playlist: songs inspired by India". the Guardian. Retrieved August 7, 2018. ^ a b Davis, Sharon (2006). Stevie Wonder: Rhythms of Wonder. 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BootlegZone & François Vander Linden. Retrieved February 18, 2007. ^ Sandford, Christopher (2006). McCartney. Carroll & Graf. pp. 227–229. ISBN 978-0-7867-1614-2. ^ "Stevie Wonder Presents Syreeta". allmusic. Retrieved October 30, 2008. ^ "Stevie Wonder Biography". filmreference.com. Retrieved October 30, 2008. ^ White, Timothy (2006), Catch a Fire: The Life of Bob Marley. Macmillan. ISBN 0-8050-8086-4. p. 275. ^ Aretha, David (August 1, 2012). Awesome African-American Rock and Soul Musicians. Enslow Publishers, Inc. p. 56. ^ Wild, David. "Wild At The GRAMMYs: Joking With Stevie". GRAMMY.com. Recording Academy. Retrieved July 6, 2018. ^ "Paul Simon Wins Album Of The Year". GRAMMY.com. Recording Academy. Retrieved July 6, 2018. ^ "Acclaimed Music – Songs in the Key of Life". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved November 11, 2007. ^ Lundy, Zeth (2007). Stevie Wonder's Songs in the Key of Life (33​1⁄3). Continuum. p. 16. ISBN 0-8264-1926-7. ^ McNamee, David (September 28, 2009). 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Retrieved September 13, 2011. ^ ""I Wish" – Stevie Wonder". Superseventies.com. October 16, 1976. Retrieved September 13, 2011. ^ a b "Stevie Wonder Fast Facts". CNN. May 11, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2015. ^ "Stevie Wonder". Biography.com. Retrieved May 22, 2019. ^ a b Sierra Marquina, "Stevie Wonder, 64, Welcomes Ninth Child, a Baby Girl Named Nia!", US Magazine, December 17, 2014. ^ Oldenburg, Ann (November 5, 2014). "Stevie Wonder has ninth child on the way". USA Today. Retrieved November 7, 2014. ^ "Wonderful return for Stevie fans". BBC News. September 9, 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2012. ^ "Stevie Wonder can still find sunshine in his life". The Toronto Star. May 23, 1989. p. B2. His marriage to former Motown secretary Syreeta Wright had introduced him to transcendental meditation, which Wright was qualified to teach. ^ Chambers, Taylor (October 13.2015), "Stevie Wonder Went Vegan and He Loves it So Much He Sings About it!" (VIDEO), One Green Planet. Retrieved October 16, 2015. ^ Linh Bui, "Music Icon Stevie Wonder Visits Local Vegan Restaurant", CBS Baltimore (online), April 16, 2014. Retrieved October 16, 2015. ^ Bowie, Richard (October 15, 2015), "Stevie Wonder Creates Impromptu Song About Going Vegan", VegNews. Retrieved October 16, 2015. ^ "Harry Styles, Katy Perry, And More Celebs Come Together In New MLK Video Tribute". MTV News. Retrieved April 6, 2018. ^ "Stevie Wonder surprises Minneapolis Baptist church". ^ HeyitsDeMarco (March 31, 2013). "Stevie Wonder visits Elizabeth Baptist Church" – via YouTube. ^ Gigliotti, Jim; HQ, Who (October 18, 2016). "Who Is Stevie Wonder?". Penguin – via Google Books. ^ Kreps, Daniel; Kreps, Daniel (August 31, 2018). "Aretha Franklin Funeral: See Stevie Wonder Deliver 'The Lord's Prayer' and 'As'". rollingstone.com. Retrieved February 12, 2019. ^ Snapes, Laura (July 8, 2019). "Stevie Wonder to undergo kidney transplant" – via www.theguardian.com. ^ "Lifetime Achievement Award". Grammy.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2007. Retrieved October 30, 2008. ^ "Grammy Awards Website". Grammy.com. February 8, 2009. Retrieved September 18, 2010. ^ "Isn't it lovely? Stevie Wonder gets a street in Detroit". Retrieved May 28, 2018. ^ The Kennedy Center – Past Honorees. Retrieved on October 11, 2008. ^ "Gershwin Award Winners". UCLAlumni.net. Archived from the original on August 17, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2008. ^ "Sammy Cahn Lifetime Achievement Award". Songwriter's Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on October 14, 2008. Retrieved October 30, 2008. ^ Mitchell, Gail. "Stevie Wonder Billboard's 2004 Century Award Honoree". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 10, 2008. Retrieved October 12, 2008. ^ "The Immortals: The First Fifty". Rolling Stone. ^ "MI Walk of Fame Announces First Inductees". Michigan Walk of Fame. March 14, 2006. Archived from the original on October 29, 2007. Retrieved October 12, 2008. ^ "Stevie Wonder Gets Lifetime Achievement Award". Soulshine. October 20, 2006. Retrieved October 21, 2008. ^ "Billboard Hot 100 Chart 50th Anniversary". Billboard. Retrieved October 1, 2009. ^ "Wonder receives award". BBC News. February 26, 2009. Retrieved February 27, 2009. ^ du Lac, J. Freedom (September 3, 2008). "Stevie Wonder to Receive Gershwin Prize for Song". Washington Post. Retrieved December 13, 2008. ^ "Stevie Wonder receives top French honour". BBC News. March 7, 2010. Retrieved March 7, 2010. ^ Allen, Floyd. "Stevie Wonder joins list of Apollo Legends Hall of Fame recipients". International Business Times AU. Retrieved February 4, 2011. ^ Feeney, Michael J. (June 17, 2011). "Stevie Wonder inducted into Apollo Theater hall of fame with star-studded celebration in Harlem". Daily News. Retrieved July 22, 2015. ^ "2013 M.net Korean Music Festival Winners list". MAMA. Retrieved December 14, 2014. ^ "President Obama Announces the Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". The White House. November 10, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2014. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 13, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) ^ Megan, Kathleen. "Yale Honors Stevie Wonder, John Kerry, John Lewis At Commencement". External links Wikiquote has quotations related to: Stevie Wonder Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stevie Wonder. Official website Stevie Wonder at the Encyclopædia Britannica Stevie Wonder discography at Discogs Stevie Wonder on IMDb "Stevie Wonder collected news and commentary". The New York Times. Appearances on C-SPAN Stevie Wonder Interview NAMM Oral History Library (2016) vteStevie WonderDiscographyStudio albums The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie Tribute to Uncle Ray With a Song in My Heart Stevie at the Beach Up-Tight Down to Earth I Was Made to Love Her Someday at Christmas Eivets Rednow For Once in My Life My Cherie Amour Signed, Sealed & Delivered Where I'm Coming From Music of My Mind Talking Book Innervisions Fulfillingness' First Finale Songs in the Key of Life Hotter than July In Square Circle Characters Conversation Peace A Time to Love Live albums Recorded Live: The 12 Year Old Genius Stevie Wonder Live Live at the Talk of the Town Natural Wonder Soundtracks Stevie Wonder's Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants" The Woman in Red Jungle Fever Compilations Looking Back Stevie Wonder's Original Musiquarium I Song Review: A Greatest Hits Collection At the Close of a Century The Definitive Collection 20th Century Masters – The Millennium Collection: The Best of Stevie Wonder The Complete Stevie Wonder Singles "Fingertips" "Hey Harmonica Man" "Uptight (Everything's Alright)" "With a Child's Heart" "Blowin' in the Wind" "A Place in the Sun" "Hey Love" "I Was Made to Love Her" "I'm Wondering" "Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day" "Alfie" "For Once in My Life" "I Don't Know Why" "My Cherie Amour" "Yester-Me, Yester-You, Yesterday" "Never Had a Dream Come True" "Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours" "Heaven Help Us All" "We Can Work It Out" "Never Dreamed You'd Leave in Summer" "If You Really Love Me" "What Christmas Means to Me" "Superwoman (Where Were You When I Needed You)" "Superstition" "You Are the Sunshine of My Life" "Higher Ground" "Living for the City" "Don't You Worry 'bout a Thing" "He's Misstra Know-It-All" "You Haven't Done Nothin'" "Boogie On Reggae Woman" "I Wish" "Sir Duke" "Another Star" "As" "Pops, We Love You (A Tribute to Father)" "Send One Your Love" "Master Blaster (Jammin')" "I Ain't Gonna Stand for It" "Lately" "Happy Birthday" "That Girl" "Ebony and Ivory" "Do I Do" "Ribbon in the Sky" "Front Line" "I Just Called to Say I Love You" "Love Light in Flight" "Part-Time Lover" "That's What Friends Are For" "Go Home" "Overjoyed" "Skeletons" "You Will Know" "Get It" "Gotta Have You" "We Didn't Know" "For Your Love" "So What the Fuss" "From the Bottom of My Heart" "All About the Love Again" "Faith" Featured singles "My Love" "How Come, How Long" "California Roll" Other songs "You and I (We Can Conquer the World)" "I Believe (When I Fall in Love It Will Be Forever)" "Golden Lady "All in Love Is Fair" "They Won't Go When I Go" "Knocks Me Off My Feet" "Pastime Paradise" "Isn't She Lovely" "Black Man" "We Are the World" "Just Good Friends" "Seasons of Love" Related articles Lula Mae Hardaway Syreeta Wright KJLH Wonderin' "Wonder-ful" Book Category Awards for Stevie Wonder vteAcademy Award for Best Original Song1934–1940 "The Continental" Music: Con Conrad Lyrics: Herb Magidson (1934) "Lullaby of Broadway" Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Al Dubin (1935) "The Way You Look Tonight" Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Dorothy Fields (1936) "Sweet Leilani" Music and lyrics: Harry Owens (1937) "Thanks for the Memory" Music: Ralph Rainger Lyrics: Leo Robin (1938) "Over the Rainbow" Music: Harold Arlen Lyrics: E. Y. Harburg (1939) "When You Wish Upon a Star" Music: Leigh Harline Lyrics: Ned Washington (1940) 1941–1950 "The Last Time I Saw Paris" Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II (1941) "White Christmas" Music and lyrics: Irving Berlin (1942) "You'll Never Know" Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Mack Gordon (1943) "Swinging on a Star" Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Johnny Burke (1944) "It Might as Well Be Spring" Music: Richard Rodgers Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II (1945) "On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe" Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1946) "Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah" Music: Allie Wrubel Lyrics: Ray Gilbert (1947) "Buttons and Bows" Music: Jay Livingston Lyrics: Ray Evans (1948) "Baby, It's Cold Outside" Music and lyrics: Frank Loesser (1949) "Mona Lisa" Music and lyrics: Ray Evans and Jay Livingston (1950) 1951–1960 "In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening" Music: Hoagy Carmichael Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1951) "High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin')" Music: Dimitri Tiomkin Lyrics: Ned Washington (1952) "Secret Love" Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1953) "Three Coins in the Fountain" Music: Jule Styne Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1954) "Love Is a Many Splendored Thing" Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1955) "Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)" Music and lyrics: Jay Livingston and Ray Evans (1956) "All the Way" Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1957) "Gigi" Music: Frederick Loewe Lyrics: Alan Jay Lerner (1958) "High Hopes" Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1959) "Never on Sunday" Music and lyrics: Manos Hatzidakis (1960) 1961–1970 "Moon River" Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1961) "Days of Wine and Roses" Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1962) "Call Me Irresponsible" Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1963) "Chim Chim Cher-ee" Music and lyrics: Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman (1964) "The Shadow of Your Smile" Music: Johnny Mandel Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1965) "Born Free" Music: John Barry Lyrics: Don Black (1966) "Talk to the Animals" Music and lyrics: Leslie Bricusse (1967) "The Windmills of Your Mind" Music: Michel Legrand Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1968) "Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head" Music: Burt Bacharach Lyrics: Hal David (1969) "For All We Know" Music: Fred Karlin Lyrics: Robb Royer and Jimmy Griffin (1970) 1971–1980 "Theme from Shaft" Music and lyrics: Isaac Hayes (1971) "The Morning After" Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1972) "The Way We Were" Music: Marvin Hamlisch Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1973) "We May Never Love Like This Again" Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1974) "I'm Easy" Music and lyrics: Keith Carradine (1975) "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)" Music: Barbra Streisand Lyrics: Paul Williams (1976) "You Light Up My Life" Music and lyrics: Joseph Brooks (1977) "Last Dance" Music and lyrics: Paul Jabara (1978) "It Goes Like It Goes" Music: David Shire Lyrics: Norman Gimbel (1979) "Fame" Music: Michael Gore Lyrics: Dean Pitchford (1980) 1981–1990 "Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)" Music and lyrics: Burt Bacharach, Carole Bayer Sager, Christopher Cross and Peter Allen (1981) "Up Where We Belong" Music: Jack Nitzsche and Buffy Sainte-Marie Lyrics: Will Jennings (1982) "Flashdance... What a Feeling" Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Keith Forsey and Irene Cara (1983) "I Just Called to Say I Love You" Music and lyrics: Stevie Wonder (1984) "Say You, Say Me" Music and lyrics: Lionel Richie (1985) "Take My Breath Away" Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Tom Whitlock (1986) "(I've Had) The Time of My Life" Music: Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz Lyrics: Franke Previte (1987) "Let the River Run" Music and lyrics: Carly Simon (1988) "Under the Sea" Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1989) "Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man)" Music and lyrics: Stephen Sondheim (1990) 1991–2000 "Beauty and the Beast" Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1991) "A Whole New World" Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Tim Rice (1992) "Streets of Philadelphia" Music and lyrics: Bruce Springsteen (1993) "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" Music: Elton John Lyrics: Tim Rice (1994) "Colors of the Wind" Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1995) "You Must Love Me" Music: Andrew Lloyd Webber Lyrics: Tim Rice (1996) "My Heart Will Go On" Music: James Horner Lyrics: Will Jennings (1997) "When You Believe" Music and lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1998) "You'll Be in My Heart" Music and lyrics: Phil Collins (1999) "Things Have Changed" Music and lyrics: Bob Dylan (2000) 2001–2010 "If I Didn't Have You" Music and lyrics: Randy Newman (2001) "Lose Yourself" Music: Eminem, Jeff Bass and Luis Resto Lyrics: Eminem (2002) "Into the West" Music and lyrics: Fran Walsh, Howard Shore and Annie Lennox (2003) "Al otro lado del río" Music and lyrics: Jorge Drexler (2004) "It's Hard out Here for a Pimp" Music and lyrics: Juicy J, Frayser Boy and DJ Paul (2005) "I Need to Wake Up" Music and lyrics: Melissa Etheridge (2006) "Falling Slowly" Music and lyrics: Glen Hansard and Markéta Irglová (2007) "Jai Ho" Music: A. R. Rahman Lyrics: Gulzar (2008) "The Weary Kind" Music and lyrics: Ryan Bingham and T Bone Burnett (2009) "We Belong Together" Music and lyrics: Randy Newman (2010) 2011–present "Man or Muppet" Music and lyrics: Bret McKenzie (2011) "Skyfall" Music and lyrics: Adele Adkins and Paul Epworth (2012) "Let It Go" Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez (2013) "Glory" Music and lyrics: John Stephens and Lonnie Lynn (2014) "Writing's on the Wall" Music and lyrics: James Napier and Sam Smith (2015) "City of Stars" Music: Justin Hurwitz Lyrics: Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016) "Remember Me" Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez (2017) "Shallow" Music and lyrics: Lady Gaga, Mark Ronson, Anthony Rossomando and Andrew Wyatt (2018) vteGolden Globe Award for Best Original Song1960s "Town Without Pity" Lyrics by Ned Washington, Music by Dimitri Tiomkin (1961) "Circus World" Lyrics by Ned Washington, Music by Dimitri Tiomkin (1964) "Forget Domani" Lyrics by Norman Newell, Music by Riz Ortolani (1965) "Strangers in the Night" Lyrics by Charles Singleton & Eddie Snyder, Music by Bert Kaempfert (1966) "If Ever I Would Leave You" Lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner, Music by Frederick Loewe (1967) "The Windmills of Your Mind" Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Music by Michel Legrand (1968) "Jean" Music & Lyrics by Rod McKuen (1969) 1970s "Whistling Away the Dark" Lyrics by Johnny Mercer, Music by Henry Mancini (1970) "Life Is What You Make It" Lyrics by Johnny Mercer, Music by Marvin Hamlisch (1971) "Ben" Lyrics by Don Black, Music by Walter Scharf (1972) "The Way We Were" Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Music by Marvin Hamlisch (1973) "I Feel Love" Lyrics by Betty Box, Music by Euel Box (1974) "I'm Easy" Music & Lyrics by Keith Carradine (1975) "Evergreen" Lyrics by Paul Williams, Music by Barbra Streisand (1976) "You Light Up My Life" Music & Lyrics by Joseph Brooks (1977) "Last Dance" Music & Lyrics by Paul Jabara (1978) "The Rose" Music & Lyrics by Amanda McBroom (1979) 1980s "Fame" Lyrics by Dean Pitchford, Music by Michael Gore (1980) "Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)" Music & Lyrics by Peter Allen, Burt Bacharach, Christopher Cross, & Carole Bayer Sager (1981) "Up Where We Belong" Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings, Music by Jack Nitzsche & Buffy Sainte-Marie (1982) "Flashdance... What a Feeling" Lyrics by Irene Cara & Keith Forsey, Music by Giorgio Moroder (1983) "I Just Called to Say I Love You" Music & Lyrics by Stevie Wonder (1984) "Say You, Say Me" Music & Lyrics by Lionel Richie (1985) "Take My Breath Away" Lyrics by Tom Whitlock, Music by Giorgio Moroder (1986) "(I've Had) The Time of My Life" Lyrics by Franke Previte, Music by John DeNicola & Donald Markowitz (1987) "Let the River Run" Music & Lyrics by Carly Simon/"Two Hearts" Lyrics by Phil Collins, Music by Lamont Dozier (1988) "Under the Sea" Lyrics by Howard Ashman, Music by Alan Menken (1989) 1990s "Blaze of Glory" Music & Lyrics by Jon Bon Jovi (1990) "Beauty and the Beast" Lyrics by Howard Ashman, Music by Alan Menken (1991) "A Whole New World" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Alan Menken (1992) "Streets of Philadelphia" Music & Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (1993) "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Elton John (1994) "Colors of the Wind" Lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, Music by Alan Menken (1995) "You Must Love Me" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber (1996) "My Heart Will Go On" Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings, Music by James Horner (1997) "The Prayer" Music & Lyrics by David Foster, Tony Renis, Carole Bayer Sager & Alberto Testa (1998) "You'll Be in My Heart" Music & Lyrics by Phil Collins (1999) 2000s "Things Have Changed" Music & Lyrics by Bob Dylan (2000) "Until..." Music & Lyrics by Sting (2001) "The Hands That Built America" Music & Lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge & Larry Mullen Jr. (2002) "Into the West" Music & Lyrics by Annie Lennox, Howard Shore & Frances Walsh (2003) "Old Habits Die Hard" Music & Lyrics by Mick Jagger & David A. Stewart (2004) "A Love That Will Never Grow Old" Lyrics by Bernie Taupin, Music by Gustavo Santaolalla (2005) "The Song of the Heart" Music & Lyrics by Prince Rogers Nelson (2006) "Guaranteed" Music & Lyrics by Eddie Vedder (2007) "The Wrestler" Music & Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (2008) "The Weary Kind" Music & Lyrics by Ryan Bingham & T Bone Burnett (2009) 2010s "You Haven't Seen the Last of Me" Music & Lyrics by Diane Warren (2010) "Masterpiece" Music & Lyrics by Madonna, Julie Frost & Jimmy Harry (2011) "Skyfall" Music & Lyrics by Adele Adkins & Paul Epworth (2012) "Ordinary Love" Music & Lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr. & Danger Mouse (2013) "Glory" Music & Lyrics by Common & John Legend (2014) "Writing's on the Wall" Music & Lyrics by Sam Smith & Jimmy Napes (2015) "City of Stars" Lyrics by Benj Pasek & Justin Paul, Music by Justin Hurwitz (2016) "This Is Me" Music & Lyrics by Benj Pasek & Justin Paul (2017) "Shallow" Music & Lyrics by Lady Gaga, Mark Ronson, Anthony Rossomando & Andrew Wyatt (2018) Complete List (1960s) (1970s) (1980s) (1990s) (2000s) (2010s) vteGrammy Award for Album of the Year1959–1979 The Music from Peter Gunn – Henry Mancini (1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra (1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart – Bob Newhart (1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall – Judy Garland (1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader (1963) The Barbra Streisand Album – Barbra Streisand (1964) Getz/Gilberto – Stan Getz & João Gilberto (1965) September of My Years – Frank Sinatra (1966) A Man and His Music – Frank Sinatra (1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band – The Beatles (1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell (1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water – Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King (1972) The Concert for Bangladesh – George Harrison & Friends (1973) Innervisions – Stevie Wonder (1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale – Stevie Wonder (1975) Still Crazy After All These Years – Paul Simon (1976) Songs in the Key of Life – Stevie Wonder (1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac (1978) Saturday Night Fever – Various Artists (1979) 1980–2000 52nd Street – Billy Joel (1980) Christopher Cross – Christopher Cross (1981) Double Fantasy – John Lennon & Yoko Ono (1982) Toto IV – Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson (1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie (1985) No Jacket Required – Phil Collins (1986) Graceland – Paul Simon (1987) The Joshua Tree – U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael (1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt (1990) Back on the Block – Quincy Jones and Various Artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love – Natalie Cole (1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton (1993) The Bodyguard – Whitney Houston (1994) MTV Unplugged – Tony Bennett (1995) Jagged Little Pill – Alanis Morissette (1996) Falling into You – Celine Dion (1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan (1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill – Lauryn Hill (1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000) 2001–present Two Against Nature – Steely Dan (2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? – Various Artists (2002) Come Away with Me – Norah Jones (2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below – Outkast (2004) Genius Loves Company – Ray Charles & Various Artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb – U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way – Dixie Chicks (2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock (2008) Raising Sand – Robert Plant & Alison Krauss (2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift (2010) The Suburbs – Arcade Fire (2011) 21 – Adele (2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories – Daft Punk (2014) Morning Phase – Beck (2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift (2016) 25 – Adele (2017) 24K Magic – Bruno Mars (2018) Golden Hour – Kacey Musgraves (2019) vteGrammy Lifetime Achievement Award1960s 1963 Bing Crosby 1965 Frank Sinatra 1966 Duke Ellington 1967 Ella Fitzgerald 1968 Irving Berlin 1970s 1971 Elvis Presley 1972 Louis Armstrong Mahalia Jackson 1980s 1984 Chuck Berry Charlie Parker 1985 Leonard Bernstein 1986 Benny Goodman The Rolling Stones Andrés Segovia 1987 Roy Acuff Benny Carter Enrico Caruso Ray Charles Fats Domino Woody Herman Billie Holiday B.B. King Isaac Stern Igor Stravinsky Arturo Toscanini Hank Williams 1989 Fred Astaire Pablo Casals Dizzy Gillespie Jascha Heifetz Lena Horne Leontyne Price Bessie Smith Art Tatum Sarah Vaughan 1990s 1990 Nat King Cole Miles Davis Vladimir Horowitz Paul McCartney 1991 Marian Anderson Bob Dylan John Lennon Kitty Wells 1992 James Brown John Coltrane Jimi Hendrix Muddy Waters 1993 Chet Atkins Little Richard Thelonious Monk Bill Monroe Pete Seeger Fats Waller 1994 Bill Evans Aretha Franklin Arthur Rubinstein 1995 Patsy Cline Peggy Lee Henry Mancini Curtis Mayfield Barbra Streisand 1996 Dave Brubeck Marvin Gaye Georg Solti Stevie Wonder 1997 Bobby "Blue" Bland The Everly Brothers Judy Garland Stéphane Grappelli Buddy Holly Charles Mingus Oscar Peterson Frank Zappa 1998 Bo Diddley The Mills Brothers Roy Orbison Paul Robeson 1999 Johnny Cash Sam Cooke Otis Redding Smokey Robinson Mel Tormé 2000s 2000 Harry Belafonte Woody Guthrie John Lee Hooker Mitch Miller Willie Nelson 2001 The Beach Boys Tony Bennett Sammy Davis Jr. Bob Marley The Who 2002 Count Basie Rosemary Clooney Perry Como Al Green Joni Mitchell 2003 Etta James Johnny Mathis Glenn Miller Tito Puente Simon & Garfunkel 2004 Van Cliburn The Funk Brothers Ella Jenkins Sonny Rollins Artie Shaw Doc Watson 2005 Eddy Arnold Art Blakey The Carter Family Morton Gould Janis Joplin Led Zeppelin Jerry Lee Lewis Jelly Roll Morton Pinetop Perkins The Staple Singers 2006 David Bowie Cream Merle Haggard Robert Johnson Jessye Norman Richard Pryor The Weavers 2007 Joan Baez Booker T. & the M.G.'s Maria Callas Ornette Coleman The Doors The Grateful Dead Bob Wills 2008 Burt Bacharach The Band Cab Calloway Doris Day Itzhak Perlman Max Roach Earl Scruggs 2009 Gene Autry The Blind Boys of Alabama The Four Tops Hank Jones Brenda Lee Dean Martin Tom Paxton 2010s 2010 Leonard Cohen Bobby Darin David "Honeyboy" Edwards Michael Jackson Loretta Lynn André Previn Clark Terry 2011 Julie Andrews Roy Haynes Juilliard String Quartet The Kingston Trio Dolly Parton Ramones George Beverly Shea 2012 The Allman Brothers Band Glen Campbell Antônio Carlos Jobim George Jones The Memphis Horns Diana Ross Gil Scott-Heron 2013 Glenn Gould Charlie Haden Lightnin' Hopkins Carole King Patti Page Ravi Shankar The Temptations 2014 The Beatles Clifton Chenier The Isley Brothers Kraftwerk Kris Kristofferson Armando Manzanero Maud Powell 2015 Bee Gees Pierre Boulez Buddy Guy George Harrison Flaco Jiménez The Louvin Brothers Wayne Shorter 2016 Ruth Brown Celia Cruz Earth, Wind & Fire Herbie Hancock Jefferson Airplane Linda Ronstadt Run-DMC 2017 Shirley Caesar Ahmad Jamal Charley Pride Jimmie Rodgers Nina Simone Sly Stone The Velvet Underground 2018 Hal Blaine Neil Diamond Emmylou Harris Louis Jordan The Meters Queen Tina Turner 2019 Black Sabbath George Clinton and Parliament-Funkadelic Billy Eckstine Donny Hathaway Julio Iglesias Sam & Dave Dionne Warwick vteGershwin Prize recipients Paul Simon (2007) Stevie Wonder (2009) Paul McCartney (2010) Burt Bacharach and Hal David (2012) Carole King (2013) Billy Joel (2014) Willie Nelson (2015) Smokey Robinson (2016) Tony Bennett (2017) Emilio Estefan and Gloria Estefan (2019) Garth Brooks (2020) vteKennedy Center Honorees (1990s)1990 Dizzy Gillespie Katharine Hepburn Risë Stevens Jule Styne Billy Wilder 1991 Roy Acuff Betty Comden and Adolph Green Fayard and Harold Nicholas Gregory Peck Robert Shaw 1992 Lionel Hampton Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward Ginger Rogers Mstislav Rostropovich Paul Taylor 1993 Johnny Carson Arthur Mitchell Sir Georg Solti Stephen Sondheim Marion Williams 1994 Kirk Douglas Aretha Franklin Morton Gould Harold Prince Pete Seeger 1995 Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B.B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon 1996 Edward Albee Benny Carter Johnny Cash Jack Lemmon Maria Tallchief 1997 Lauren Bacall Bob Dylan Charlton Heston Jessye Norman Edward Villella 1998 Bill Cosby Fred Ebb and John Kander Willie Nelson André Previn Shirley Temple Black 1999 Victor Borge Sean Connery Judith Jamison Jason Robards Stevie Wonder Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s vteMusiCares Person of the Year David Crosby (1991) Bonnie Raitt (1992) Natalie Cole (1993) Gloria Estefan (1994) Tony Bennett (1995) Quincy Jones (1996) Phil Collins (1997) Luciano Pavarotti (1998) Stevie Wonder (1999) Elton John (2000) Paul Simon (2001) Billy Joel (2002) Bono (2003) Sting (2004) Brian Wilson (2005) James Taylor (2006) Don Henley (2007) Aretha Franklin (2008) Neil Diamond (2009) Neil Young (2010) Barbra Streisand (2011) Paul McCartney (2012) Bruce Springsteen (2013) Carole King (2014) Bob Dylan (2015) Lionel Richie (2016) Tom Petty (2017) Fleetwood Mac (2018) Dolly Parton (2019) Aerosmith (2020) vteLaureates of the Polar Music Prize1990s Paul McCartney / the Baltic states (1992) Dizzy Gillespie / Witold Lutosławski (1993) Quincy Jones / Nikolaus Harnoncourt (1994) Elton John / Mstislav Rostropovich (1995) Joni Mitchell / Pierre Boulez (1996) Bruce Springsteen / Eric Ericson (1997) Ray Charles / Ravi Shankar (1998) Stevie Wonder / Iannis Xenakis (1999) 2000s Bob Dylan / Isaac Stern (2000) Burt Bacharach / Robert Moog / Karlheinz Stockhausen (2001) Miriam Makeba / Sofia Gubaidulina (2002) Keith Jarrett (2003) B.B. King / György Ligeti (2004) Gilberto Gil / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (2005) Led Zeppelin / Valery Gergiev (2006) Sonny Rollins / Steve Reich (2007) Pink Floyd / Renée Fleming (2008) Peter Gabriel / José Antonio Abreu / El Sistema (2009) 2010s Björk / Ennio Morricone (2010) Kronos Quartet / Patti Smith (2011) Paul Simon / Yo-Yo Ma (2012) Youssou N'Dour / Kaija Saariaho (2013) Chuck Berry / Peter Sellars (2014) Emmylou Harris / Evelyn Glennie (2015) Max Martin / Cecilia Bartoli (2016) Sting / Wayne Shorter (2017) Metallica / Afghanistan National Institute of Music (2018) Grandmaster Flash / Anne-Sophie Mutter / Playing for Change (2019) vteRock and Roll Hall of Fame – Class of 1989Performers Dion Otis Redding The Rolling Stones Mick Jagger, Brian Jones, Keith Richards, Ian Stewart, Mick Taylor, Charlie Watts, Ronnie Wood, Bill Wyman The Temptations Dennis Edwards, Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, David Ruffin, Otis Williams, Paul Williams Stevie Wonder Early influences The Ink Spots Charlie Fuqua, Jerry Daniels, Orville "Hoppy" Jones, Bill Kenny, Deek Watson Bessie Smith The Soul Stirrers Roy Crain Sr., Jesse Farley, R. H. Harris, E. A. Rundless Non-performers(Ahmet Ertegun Award) Phil Spector Authority control BIBSYS: 99058129 BNE: XX988927 BNF: cb139012734 (data) CiNii: DA02422374 GND: 118771280 ISNI: 0000 0001 0867 5094 LCCN: n50013801 LNB: 000007059 MusicBrainz: 1ee18fb3-18a6-4c7f-8ba0-bc41cdd0462e NDL: 00461361 NKC: xx0023589 NLA: 35580130 NLI: 000382270 NLP: A20963373 NSK: 000065929 NTA: 070118302 SNAC: w6pv6v42 SUDOC: 027524892 Trove: 1002619 VIAF: 7575770 WorldCat Identities (via VIAF): 7575770 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stevie_Wonder&oldid=926017160" Categories: Stevie Wonder1950 births20th-century American singers21st-century American keyboardists21st-century American singersAfrican-American composersAfrican-American male composersAfrican-American songwritersAmerican songwritersAfrican-American record producersActivists for African-American civil rightsAmerican child singersAmerican tenorsAmerican harmonica playersAmerican male singer-songwritersAfrican-American pianistsAmerican organistsMale organistsAmerican rhythm and blues keyboardistsAmerican rhythm and blues singersAmerican funk keyboardistsAmerican funk singersAmerican multi-instrumentalistsAmerican rhythm and blues singer-songwritersAmerican soul keyboardistsAmerican soul singersAmerican record producersBest Original Song Academy Award-winning songwritersBlind musiciansBlind people from the United StatesChild pop musiciansCommandeurs of the Ordre des Arts et des LettresGershwin Prize recipientsGrammy Award winnersGrammy Lifetime Achievement Award winnersKennedy Center honoreesLiving peopleMotown artistsMusicians from DetroitMusicians from Saginaw, MichiganPresidential Medal of Freedom recipientsRhythm and blues drummersRhythm and blues pianistsTranscendental Meditation practitionersUnited Nations Messengers of PeaceAmerican male pianists21st-century organists20th-century American keyboardistsHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from March 2018Articles with permanently dead external linksCS1 maint: archived copy as titleArticles with short descriptionUse mdy dates from January 2018Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected biographies of living peopleArticles with hCardsArticles with hAudio microformatsIncomplete lists from December 2017Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica linksWikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiersWikipedia articles with BNE identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with CINII identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with LNB identifiersWikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiersWikipedia articles with NDL identifiersWikipedia articles with NKC identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersWikipedia articles with NLI identifiersWikipedia articles with NLP identifiersWikipedia articles with NSK identifiersWikipedia articles with NTA identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiersWikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiersWikipedia articles with Trove identifiersWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadView sourceView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page In other projects Wikimedia CommonsWikiquote Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages AfrikaansالعربيةAragonésAsturianuAzərbaycancaتۆرکجهБългарскиCatalàČeštinaCymraegDanskDeutschEestiΕλληνικάEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFøroysktFrançaisGaeilgeGalego한국어ՀայերենHrvatskiIdoBahasa IndonesiaIsiXhosaÍslenskaItalianoעבריתქართულიKiswahiliKreyòl ayisyenLatinaLatviešuLietuviųMagyarМакедонскиMalagasyമലയാളംმარგალურიمصرىNederlands日本語NapulitanoNorskNorsk nynorskOccitanPolskiPortuguêsRomânăRuna SimiРусскийScotsSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSlovenščinaСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaTagalogไทยTürkçeУкраїнськаTiếng ViệtWinarayYorùbá中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 13 November 2019, at 19:18 (UTC). 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Stevie Wonder discography Stevie Wonder discography
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stevie_Wonder_discography
Stevie Wonder discography


The Complete Stevie Wonder The Complete Stevie Wonder
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Complete_Stevie_Wonder
The Complete Stevie Wonder



Stevie Wonder Live Stevie Wonder Live
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stevie_Wonder_Live
Stevie Wonder Live


harpejji harpejji
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harpejji
harpejji


Tamla Tamla
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamla
Tamla



Motown Motown
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motown
Motown


 
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