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 Veterans Day - Wikipedia / https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Veterans_Day Veterans Day - Wikipedia / https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Veterans_Day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veterans_Day
Veterans Day - Wikipedia Veterans Day From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search For other uses, see Veterans Day (disambiguation). Veterans DayU.S. World War I veteran Joseph Ambrose (1896–1988) attends the dedication parade for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial holding the flag that covered the casket of his son, Clement, who was killed in the Korean War.Also calledArmistice DayObserved byUnited StatesTypeNationalCelebrationsThe Veterans Day paradeDateNovember 11Next time11 November 2020 (2020-11-11)FrequencyannualRelated toRemembrance Day Veterans Day (originally known as Armistice Day) is a federal holiday in the United States observed annually on November 11, for honoring military veterans, that is, persons who have served in the United States Armed Forces (and were discharged under conditions other than dishonorable).[1][2] It coincides with other holidays including Armistice Day and Remembrance Day which are celebrated in other countries that mark the anniversary of the end of World War I. Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, when the Armistice with Germany went into effect. At the urging of major U.S. veteran organizations, Armistice Day was renamed Veterans Day in 1954. Veterans Day is distinct from Memorial Day, a U.S. public holiday in May. Veterans Day celebrates the service of all U.S. military veterans, while Memorial Day honors those who have died while in military service.[3] There is another military holiday, Armed Forces Day, a U.S. remembrance that also occurs in May, which honors those currently serving in the U.S. military. Contents 1 History 2 Observance 2.1 Armistice Day 2.2 Spelling of Veterans Day 3 See also 4 References 5 External links History On November 11, 1919, U.S. president Woodrow Wilson issued a message to his countrymen on the first Armistice Day, in which he expressed what he felt the day meant to Americans: ADDRESS TO FELLOW-COUNTRYMEN The White House, November 11, 1919. A year ago today our enemies laid down their arms in accordance with an armistice which rendered them impotent to renew hostilities, and gave to the world an assured opportunity to reconstruct its shattered order and to work out in peace a new and juster set of international relations. The soldiers and people of the European Allies had fought and endured for more than four years to uphold the barrier of civilization against the aggressions of armed force. We ourselves had been in the conflict something more than a year and a half. With splendid forgetfulness of mere personal concerns, we remodeled our industries, concentrated our financial resources, increased our agricultural output, and assembled a great army, so that at the last our power was a decisive factor in the victory. We were able to bring the vast resources, material and moral, of a great and free people to the assistance of our associates in Europe who had suffered and sacrificed without limit in the cause for which we fought. Out of this victory there arose new possibilities of political freedom and economic concert. The war showed us the strength of great nations acting together for high purposes, and the victory of arms foretells the enduring conquests which can be made in peace when nations act justly and in furtherance of the common interests of men. To us in America the reflections of Armistice Day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country's service, and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the councils of nations. WOODROW WILSON[4] The United States Congress adopted a resolution on June 4, 1926, requesting that President Calvin Coolidge issue annual proclamations calling for the observance of November 11 with appropriate ceremonies.[4] A Congressional Act (52 Stat. 351; 5 U.S. Code, Sec. 87a) approved May 13, 1938, made November 11 in each year a legal holiday: "a day to be dedicated to the cause of world peace and to be thereafter celebrated and known as 'Armistice Day'."[5] Veterans Day parade in Baltimore, Maryland, 2016 In 1945, World War II veteran Raymond Weeks from Birmingham, Alabama, had the idea to expand Armistice Day to celebrate all veterans, not just those who died in World War I. Weeks led a delegation to Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, who supported the idea of National Veterans Day. Weeks led the first national celebration in 1947 in Alabama and annually until his death in 1985. President Reagan honored Weeks at the White House with the Presidential Citizenship Medal in 1982 as the driving force for the national holiday. Elizabeth Dole, who prepared the briefing for President Reagan, determined Weeks as the "Father of Veterans Day."[6] U.S. representative Ed Rees from Emporia, Kansas, presented a bill establishing the holiday through Congress. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, also from Kansas, signed the bill into law on May 26, 1954. It had been eight and a half years since Weeks held his first Armistice Day celebration for all veterans.[7] Congress amended the bill on June 1, 1954, replacing "Armistice" with "Veterans," and it has been known as Veterans Day since.[8][9] The National Veterans Award was also created in 1954. Congressman Rees of Kansas received the first National Veterans Award in Birmingham, Alabama, for his support offering legislation to make Veterans Day a federal holiday.[citation needed] Although originally scheduled for celebration on November 11 of every year, starting in 1971 in accordance with the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, Veterans Day was moved to the fourth Monday of October (October 25, 1971; October 23, 1972; October 22, 1973; October 28, 1974; October 27, 1975; October 25, 1976, and October 24, 1977). In 1978, it was moved back to its original celebration on November 11. While the legal holiday remains on November 11, if that date happens to be on a Saturday or Sunday, then organizations that formally observe the holiday will normally be closed on the adjacent Friday or Monday, respectively.[citation needed] Observance Poster for Veterans Day 2018, the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I Because it is a federal holiday, some American workers and many students have Veterans Day off from work or school. When Veterans Day falls on a Saturday then either Saturday or the preceding Friday may be designated as the holiday, whereas if it falls on a Sunday it is typically observed on the following Monday. When it falls on the weekend many private companies offer it as a floating holiday where employee can choose some other day. A Society for Human Resource Management poll in 2010 found that 21 percent of employers planned to observe the holiday in 2011.[10] Non-essential federal government offices are closed. No mail is delivered. All federal workers are paid for the holiday; those who are required to work on the holiday sometimes receive holiday pay for that day in addition to their wages.[citation needed] Armistice Day In his Armistice Day address to Congress, Wilson was sensitive to the psychological toll of the lean War years: "Hunger does not breed reform; it breeds madness," he remarked.[11] As Veterans Day and the birthday of the United States Marine Corps (November 10, 1775) are only one day apart, that branch of the Armed Forces customarily observes both occasions as a 96-hour liberty period.[citation needed] Election Day is a regular working day, while Veterans Day, which typically falls the following week, is a federal holiday. The National Commission on Federal Election Reform called for the holidays to be merged, so citizens can have a day off to vote. They state this as a way to honor voting by exercising democratic rights.[12] Spelling of Veterans Day While the holiday is commonly printed as Veteran's Day or Veterans' Day in calendars and advertisements (spellings that are grammatically acceptable), the United States Department of Veterans Affairs website states that the attributive (no apostrophe) rather than the possessive case is the official spelling "because it is not a day that 'belongs' to veterans, it is a day for honoring all veterans."[13] See also Anzac Day Martinmas National Vietnam War Veterans Day National Independence Day (Polish holiday) National Civil War Museum National World War I Museum and Memorial National World War II Museum Remembrance poppy Disabled Iranian Veterans Volkstrauertag References ^ "U.S.C. Title 38 – Veterans' Benefits". www.govinfo.gov. U.S. Government Publishing Office. Retrieved October 4, 2019. ^ "5 Facts to Know About Veterans Day". Defense.gov. U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved October 4, 2019. ^ Kelber, Sarah Kickler (May 28, 2012). "Today is not Veterans Day". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved October 21, 2013. ^ a b "Supplement to the Messages and Papers of the Presidents: Covering the Second Term of Woodrow Wilson, March 4, 1917, to March 4, 1921". Bureau of National Literature. November 11, 2015. ^ "Veterans Day History". Veteran's Affairs. Retrieved November 12, 2013. ^ Zurski, Ken (November 11, 2016). "Raymond Weeks: The Father of Veterans Day". Unremembered History. Retrieved November 9, 2017. ^ Carter, Julie (November 2003). "Where Veterans Day began". VFW Magazine. Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. ^ "History of Veterans Day". United States Department of Veterans Affairs. November 26, 2007. Archived from the original on July 28, 2006. Retrieved November 6, 2008. ^ "The History of Veterans Day". United States Army Center of Military History (CMH). October 3, 2003. Retrieved November 1, 2007. ^ Society for Human Resource Management (November 4, 2010). "2011 Holiday Schedules SHRM Poll". Archived from the original on December 4, 2010. ^ Smith, Andrew F. (2007). The Oxford companion to American food and drink. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-19-530796-2. Retrieved November 12, 2010. ^ Sutter, John D. (November 12, 2012). "Election Day should be a federal holiday". CNN. Retrieved October 20, 2016. ^ Veterans Day Frequently Asked Questions, Office of Public Affairs, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Updated July 20, 2015. Retrieved November 8, 2015. External links Official Website United States Department of Veterans Affairs 5 U.S.C. § 6103 (Federal holidays) Works by or about Veterans Day at Internet Archive Articles related to Veterans Day vte Federal holidays in the United StatesCurrent New Year's Day Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr. Washington's Birthday Memorial Day Independence Day Labor Day Columbus Day Veterans Day Thanksgiving Day Christmas Day Proposed Flag Day (1950) Election Day (1993) Malcolm X Day (1993–1994) Democracy Day (2005, 2014) Cesar Chavez Day (2008) Susan B. Anthony Day (2011) Native American Day (2013) vte Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United StatesJanuary New Year's Day (federal) Martin Luther King Jr. Day (federal) Confederate Heroes Day (TX) Fred Korematsu Day (CA, FL, HI, VA) Idaho Human Rights Day (ID) Inauguration Day (federal quadrennial, DC area) Kansas Day (KS) Lee–Jackson Day (formerly Lee–Jackson–King Day) (VA) Makar Sankranti (religious) Robert E. Lee Day (FL) Stephen Foster Memorial Day (36) The Eighth (LA)January–February Super Bowl Sunday Vasant Panchami (religious) FebruaryAmerican Heart MonthBlack History Month Washington's Birthday/Presidents' Day (federal) Valentine's Day Georgia Day (GA) Groundhog Day Lincoln's Birthday (CA, CT, IL, IN, MO, NJ, NY, WV) National Girls and Women in Sports Day National Freedom Day (36) Primary Election Day (WI) Ronald Reagan Day (CA) Rosa Parks Day (CA, MO) Susan B. Anthony Day (CA, FL, NY, WI, WV, proposed federal)February–March Mardi Gras Ash Wednesday (religious) Courir de Mardi Gras (religious) Maha Shivratri (religious) Super TuesdayMarchIrish-American Heritage MonthNational Colon Cancer Awareness MonthWomen's History Month St. Patrick's Day (religious) Spring break (week) Casimir Pulaski Day (IL) Cesar Chavez Day (CA, CO, TX, proposed federal) Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, MA) Harriet Tubman Day (NY) Holi (NY, religious) Mardi Gras (AL (in two counties), LA) Maryland Day (MD) National Poison Prevention Week (week) Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI) Saint Joseph's Day (religious) Seward's Day (AK) Texas Independence Day (TX) Town Meeting Day (VT)March–April Easter (religious) Good Friday (CT, NC, PR, religious) Hanuman Jayanti (religious) Mesha Sankranti/Hindu New Year (religious) Palm Sunday (religious) Passover (religious) Easter Monday (religious) Rama Navami (religious)AprilConfederate History Month 420 Day April Fools' Day Arbor Day Confederate Memorial Day (AL, MS) Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (week) Earth Day Emancipation Day (DC) Thomas Jefferson's Birthday (AL) Pascua Florida (FL) Patriots' Day (MA, ME) San Jacinto Day (TX) Siblings Day Walpurgis Night (religious) MayAsian Pacific American Heritage MonthJewish American Heritage Month Memorial Day (federal) Mother's Day (36) Cinco de Mayo Harvey Milk Day (CA) Law Day (36) Loyalty Day (36) Malcolm X Day (CA, IL, proposed federal) May Day Military Spouse Day National Day of Prayer (36) National Defense Transportation Day (36) National Maritime Day (36) Peace Officers Memorial Day (36) Truman Day (MO) Vesak/Buddha's Birthday (religious)JuneLesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month Father's Day (36) Bunker Hill Day (Suffolk County, MA) Carolina Day (SC) Emancipation Day In Texas / Juneteenth (TX) Flag Day (36, proposed federal) Helen Keller Day (PA) Honor America Days (3 weeks) Jefferson Davis Day (AL, FL) Kamehameha Day (HI) Odunde Festival (Philadelphia, PA) Senior Week (week) West Virginia Day (WV)July Independence Day (federal) Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial) Guru Purnima (religious) Parents' Day (36) Pioneer Day (UT)July–August Summer vacation August American Family Day (AZ) Barack Obama Day (IL) Bennington Battle Day (VT) Hawaii Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI) Krishna Janmashtami (religious) Lyndon Baines Johnson Day (TX) Naga Panchami (religious) National Aviation Day (36) Raksha Bandhan (religious) Service Reduction Day (MD) Victory Day (RI) Women's Equality Day (36) SeptemberProstate Cancer Awareness MonthNational Childhood Cancer Awareness Month Labor Day (federal) California Admission Day (CA) Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36) Constitution Day (36) Constitution Week (week) Defenders Day (MD) Ganesh Chaturthi (religious) Gold Star Mother's Day (36) National Grandparents Day (36) National Payroll Week (week) Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal) Patriot Day (36)September–OctoberHispanic Heritage Month Oktoberfest Pitru Paksha (religious) Rosh Hashanah (religious TX) Vijayadashami (religious) Yom Kippur (religious TX)OctoberBreast Cancer Awareness MonthDisability Employment Awareness MonthFilipino American History MonthLGBT History Month Columbus Day (federal) Halloween Alaska Day (AK) Child Health Day (36) General Pulaski Memorial Day German-American Day Indigenous Peoples' Day (VT) International Day of Non-Violence Leif Erikson Day (36) Missouri Day (MO) National School Lunch Week Native American Day (SD) Nevada Day (NV) Sweetest Day White Cane Safety Day (36)October–November Diwali (religious) November Native American Indian Heritage Month Veterans Day (federal) Thanksgiving (federal) Day after Thanksgiving (24) Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed federal) Family Day (NV) Hanukkah (religious) Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial) Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA) Barack Obama Day (Perry County, AL)December Christmas (religious, federal) Alabama Day (AL) Christmas Eve (KY, NC, SC) Day after Christmas (KY, NC, SC, TX) Festivus Hanukkah (religious, week) Indiana Day (IN) Kwanzaa (cultural, week) National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day (36) New Year's Eve Pan American Aviation Day (36) Rosa Parks Day (OH, OR) Wright Brothers Day (36)Varies (year round) Eid al-Adha (religious) Eid al-Fitr (religious) Navaratri (religious, four times a year) Ramadan (religious, month) Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands. PortalsAccess related topicsSociety portalHolidays portalUnited States portalWorld War I portalFind out more on Wikipedia'sSister projectsMediafrom CommonsDefinitionsfrom WiktionarySource textsfrom WikisourceDatafrom Wikidata Authority control LCCN: sh85142994 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Veterans_Day&oldid=925696217" Categories: 1919 establishments in the United StatesAftermath of World War I in the United StatesAnnual events in the United StatesArmistice DayFederal holidays in the United StatesHolidays related to World War INovember 1919 eventsNovember observancesPublic holidays in the United StatesRecurring events established in 1919Veterans' affairs in the United StatesVeterans daysHidden categories: Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pagesUse mdy dates from November 2018Infobox holiday with missing fieldInfobox holiday fixed dayAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from November 2018Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019Articles with Internet Archive linksWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadView sourceView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page In other projects Wikimedia Commons Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages العربيةБългарскиDeutschEspañolفارسیFrançais한국어IlokanoBahasa IndonesiaעבריתMagyarNederlands日本語NorskPolskiРусскийSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSuomiᏣᎳᎩУкраїнськаTiếng Việtייִדיש中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 11 November 2019, at 19:15 (UTC). 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Veterans Day (disambiguation) Veterans Day (disambiguation)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veterans_Day_(disambiguation)
Veterans Day (disambiguation)


Armistice Day Armistice Day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armistice_Day
Armistice Day



Category:Veterans days Category:Veterans days
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Veterans_days
Category:Veterans days


November 11 November 11
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_11
November 11


Armistice Day Armistice Day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armistice_Day
Armistice Day



Remembrance Day Remembrance Day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Remembrance_Day
Remembrance Day


Veterans Day 2018 - Google / https://www.google.com › doodles › veterans-day-2018 Veterans Day 2018 - Google / https://www.google.com › doodles › veterans-day-2018
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5 Facts to Know About Veterans Day > U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ... / https://www.defense.gov › Explore › Features › story › Article › 5-facts-to-... 5 Facts to Know About Veterans Day > U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ... / https://www.defense.gov › Explore › Features › story › Article › 5-facts-to-...
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5 Facts to Know About Veterans Day > U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ...https://www.defense.gov › Explore › Features › story › Article › 5-facts-to-...


 

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